Kernel Panic - Unix socket communication in kernel module

Frank Leonhardt frank2 at
Mon Jul 29 11:19:40 UTC 2013

On 29/07/2013 08:31, varanasi sainath wrote:
> Hello,
> I am writing a kernel module in which I am trying to connect to a UNIX
> socket
> (UNIX domain sockets use the file system as their address name space).
> Kernel module (loadable) acts as a client and User mode program acts as
> server,
> I have loaded the module using kldload and communication between
> user and kernel module works fine,
> when I try to load the kernel module from loader.conf -
> auto load the kernel module at boot up leads to kernel panic
> as the file system is not ready and kern_connect fails.
> How to notify kernel module that File system is ready?
> (any specific event flags)
> Is there any specific location for Unix domain socket files?
> (currently created it under /root/soc/socket )
> Using "MODULE_DEPEND" Can I make the module dependent of file system?

I shall resist the obvious "why" question.

I'm assuming you're talking about a fifo here (aka named pipe, and 
occasionally called UNIX socket) rather than the BSD network socket 
interface. IIRC since 4.3BSD fifos have been implemented using sockets 
internally anyway.

Where to put it? I tend to go for /tmp but somewhere in /var might make 
more sense for something that's always supposed to be there.

I don't know how to tell when the FS is ready but it will be when init 
runs, so you might like to try the sysctl variables. Knowing that init 
is always PID 1, the value of kern.lastpid should give a hint. There may 
be an official way of doing this properly.

You could always load the module from rc.local instead.

Regards, Frank.

P.S. You do know that an fd only relates to the kernel thread it's 
currently running in?

More information about the freebsd-questions mailing list