Mount SMB share on bootup

Edward Epstein peepstein at
Fri Nov 14 17:17:23 PST 2003

Lines prefixed with ">" are what C. Ulrich wrote.

>On Mon, 2003-11-10 at 15:21, Chirhart, Brian wrote:
>> >> point is password protected (on the XP side) so I am prompted for a
>> >> password.  How can I automate that?  Or should I create the share
>> >> without
>> a
>> >> password?  I am not too worried about internal security so the share
>> could
>> >> have no password and that would be fine.
>> >
>> >Create a script called, chmod +x 755 and put that
>> >script in a /usr/local/etc/rc.d.
>> >
>> >Put the following lines in that script
>> >
>> >#!/bin/sh
>> >smbmount username=user password=pass and the rest of the parametars that
>> you
>> >are normaly using when mounting smb partition.
>> >
>> >Mind that if your startup script for samba is your mounting
>> > script must start with a letter after the letter s otherwise you would
>> > mounting a samba share without smb daemon started.
>> ################################
>> When I try the smbmount I get a "command not Found"
>> I checked the man pages on mount and found mount_smbfs, but I can not find
>> any options that would allow me to specify a username and password.
>> I am not using Samba (at least I didn't load it... may be there by
>> default???) - To map the drive I have a line in my /etc/fstab file that
>> reads:
>> # Device			#Mountpoint	FSType	OPtion
>> //user at server/share	/ftproot	smbfs	rw.nosuto	0	0
>> Once the server boots, I type "mount /ftproot" and then it asks me for the
>> password for User.  After the password is entered, /ftproot contains the
>> contents of the share on my XP system.  It was one of the things that I
>> fell in love with about BSD - the ability to "see" XP shares with no
>> special "magic".
>> So anyway - I think there are several different approaches to this.  Can I
>> modify my fstab file so that "auto" would work by somehow specifing a
>> password?  Or is there a password option that I am missing in the mount or
>> mount_smbfs commands?  OR...  is there a reason I don't have the smbmount
>> command?
>> Thank you for all your help!
>I saw that you got a couple responses to this, but they were just a bit
>off from the "correct" way to do it. Edward came very close, so I'm just
>going to expand upon what he said. First, If I recall correctly, the
> that goes in /usr/local/etc/rc.d was somehow accidentally left
>out of the release. If you don't have it, you can get it here:
>Click on the "Download" link for the newest version. It's probably
>better to use this version instead of a home-made one so that you don't
>run into problems down the road. (Don't forget to nuke the "sample"

It never even occured to me to parse fstab to get a list of mountpoints and 
then just do them all automatically. If you've got lots of Samba shares, it 
comes in really handy.

>Your /etc/fstab is fine, but you should move /etc/nsmb.conf to
>/root/.nsmbrc. If you consult mount_smbfs(8), you'll see that this is
>where mount_smbfs expects it to be. Plus, keeping it here affords you a
>little bit better security. (Double-check that it's readable/writable by
>root ONLY!)

When I was setting up my share, I tried putting .nsmbrc in /root initially, 
but IIRC it didn't work. Now that I look at the correct rc.d script, it 
probably didn't work because $HOME wasn't set. Does that make sense?

>Finally, you should obfuscate the password with "smbutil crypt". This is
>NOT encryption, it will only protect the password from being discovered
>by casual observation. You should still treat it as plaintext, even in
>obfuscated form, as the "encryption" is almost as trivial to crack as

Also great info, thanks very much!

>Good luck!
>Charles Ulrich
>freebsd-questions at mailing list
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