jabberd port doesn't come with any certificates and is not allowing authorization?

Matthew Seaman matthew at FreeBSD.org
Thu Mar 29 15:30:39 UTC 2012

On 29/03/2012 15:45, Kaya Saman wrote:
> I've recently built the jabberd port and upgraded to the latest version: 2.x

Actually jabberd2 (net-im/jabberd) is a completely different different
project to jabberd14 (net-im/jabber) -- it's not "upgrading" so much as
switching to a different piece of software.

In any case, jabberd2 is the correct choice: it is being actively
developed and is keeping abreast of the various XMPP extensions that are
being published.

> I'm having major problems in configuring it though and was wondering
> if someone could either give me a hand or help me generate
> certificates for it which are mentioned in the config file but not
> within the /usr/local/etc/jabberd directory.
> I'm experiencing this issue:
> Mar 29 16:33:48 JABBER jabberd/c2s[1498]: [8] [, port=59032] connect
> Mar 29 16:33:48 JABBER jabberd/c2s[1498]: [8] got pre STARTTLS packet, dropping
> Mar 29 16:33:48 JABBER jabberd/c2s[1498]: [8] [, port=59032]
> disconnect jid=unbound, packets: 1

Your client is attempting to switch its connection to using TLS.  This
is good, especially if you are using a SASL method of LOGIN or PASSWORD
-- otherwise it would send passwords across the net in plain test.

> This is my realm information:
>     <id realm='jabber.com'
>         pemfile='/usr/local/etc/jabberd/server.pem'
>         verify-mode='0'
>         cachain='/usr/local/etc/jabberd/client_ca_certs.pem'
>         require-starttls='false'
>         register-enable='true'
>         instructions='Enter a username and password to register with
> this server.'
>         register-oob='http://srv.jabber.com/register'
>         password-change='true'
>     >jabber.com</id>
>     <!-- or the default host
>     <id password-change='mu' /> -->
> jabber.com may publicly exist however, this is a trial done in Vbox
> and totally offline just so I can understand the necessary mechanisms
> involved as to learn how the jabberd server functions!

You've got both 'register-enable' and 'register-oob' -- you probably
don't want both of those, unless you do have an out-of-band method to
create user accounts.

Presumably you have created the required server x509 certificate.  If
you're doing it on the cheap, that means a self-signed certificate.  In
which case there simply won't be a cain of CA certs to worry about.  I'd
also recommend require-starttls='true'

Of course, there's a lot more to setting up jabberd than just this
little section of one of the config files.

> I'm using Pidgin as the IM client who is configured like:
> Username: user
> Domain: jabber.com
> Password: <secret>
> Local Alias: user_alias
> Use encrypted connections if available         <<<---***
> Allow plaintext auth over unencrypted streams  <<<---***
> Connect server: srv.jabber.com

Those two marked items are not a good idea.  If you're using login to
authenticate the SASL libraries expect you to use TLS to secure the
transaction, and the way of least resistance is to do so.

> On the client I keep getting: "Policy Violation" error.
> It's really weird but there seems to be a lack of documentation as I
> managed to find the stuff for jabberd version 1.4, for version 2.x
> I've followed some URL's:
> http://www.jms1.net/jabberd2/
> http://www.indiangnu.org/2009/how-to-configure-jabber-jabberd2-with-mysqlpam-as-auth-database/
> http://bionicraptor.co/2011/07/25/how-to-encrypt-jabberd2-communications/
> http://bionicraptor.co/2011/05/20/how-to-install-and-configure-japperd2-with-mysql/
> But still nothing is working, I believe it's to do with the security
> as in using encrypted or unencrypted connections but I can't be
> certain... there doesn't seem to be any mysql DB creation script
> either that I could find??

Look in /usr/local/share/doc/jabberd

I originally implemented jabberd2 using a MySQL database, but have
switched to PostgreSQL.  Which RDBMs you use won't make a whole lot of
difference unless your traffic levels grow to pretty enormous levels.
In fact, for a lightly used system, sqlite would be a reasonable choice.

> Is there a fix or am I stuck??

Well, I have jabberd2 up and running quite happily.  I don't remember
setting it up as being particularly traumatic.  I just read the docco,
followed the install guide here:
https://github.com/Jabberd2/jabberd2/wiki/InstallGuide  (which is linked
to from the jabberd2 home page at http://jabberd2.xiaoka.com/) and the
comments in the sample .xml files and it all worked fine after the usual
sort of testing and debugging.



Dr Matthew J Seaman MA, D.Phil.
PGP: http://www.infracaninophile.co.uk/pgpkey

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