connect() returns EADDRINUSE during massive host->host conn rate

Julian Elischer julian at
Wed Nov 28 10:33:56 PST 2007

Jan Srzednicki wrote:
> Hello,
> I have a pair of hosts. One of them performs a massive amount of
> TCP connections to the other one, all to the same port. This setup
> mostly works fine, but from time to time (that varies, from once a
> minute to one a half an hour), the connect(2) syscall fails with 
> EADDRINUSE. The connection rate tops to 50 connection

so, what does netstat -aAn show?

> initiations/second.
> The socket is non-blocking. It does standard job of creating the socket,
> setting up the relevant fields, setting SO_REUSEADDR and SO_KEEPALIVE,
> setting O_NONBLOCK on the descriptor. No bind(2) is performed. The
> connection is initiated from inside a jail (not sure if that implies a
> internal bind(2) to the jail's address). There are no connections from
> the other host to the first one.
> I've tried tuning the net.inet.ip.portrange variables: I've increased
> the available portrange to over 45000 ports (quite a lot, should be more
> than enough for just anything) and I've toggled
> net.inet.ip.portrange.randomized off, but that didn't change anything.
> The workaround on the application side - retrying on EADDRINUSE - works
> pretty well, but hey, from what I know from the Stevens book, that
> shouldn't be happening, though Google said all BSD had a bad habit of
> throwing out EADDRINUSE from time to time.
> This all happens on a 6.2-RELEASE system. The symptoms are easily
> reproducable in my environment.
> Is there any known fix for that? If there ain't, can it be fixed? :)

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