Second attempt at FreeBSD-11.0-RELEASE-i386, Xorg, and Xfce graphical desktop

David Christensen dpchrist at
Thu Jan 19 17:42:36 UTC 2017

On 01/19/17 06:53, Warren Block wrote:
> It would be nice to solve this, then we can add it to the pkg-message.

It would be nice to solve this so that X and Xfce worked better OOTB.

At least one poster warned against mixing packages and ports.  I've done 
all my work using packages alone.

At this point, my recipe for building a FreeBSD/ X/ Xfce workstation 

1.  Erase system drive.

2.  Install FreeBSD-11.0-RELEASE-i386-memstick.img (finding the correct 
choices for my hardware and LAN took a few tries).

3.  Update FreeBSD.

toor at freebsd:/root # freebsd-update fetch

toor at freebsd:/root # freebsd-update install

4.  Install

toor at freebsd:/root # pkg install xorg

5.  Based upon xorg package notes, create 

toor at freebsd:/root # cat /usr/local/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-fonts.conf
# Recommended by xorg package:
Section "Files"
	FontPath     "/usr/local/share/fonts/dejavu/"

Section "Module"
	Load  "freetype"

6.  Per handbook section 5.4.3, edit /boot/loader.conf:

toor at freebsd:/root # diff /boot/loader.conf-20170114-1232 /boot/loader.conf
 > kern.vty=vt

7.  Install Xfce:

toor at freebsd:/root # pkg install xfce

(Based upon xfce package notes, the file I previously created for polkit 
based upon package installation notes was for Suspend, not for Shut Down 
and Restart.  Forget it -- Shut Down and Restart can work without it.)

8.  Per handbook section 5.7.3, create ~/.xinitrc so that 'startx' 
starts Xfce:

dpchrist at freebsd:/usr/home/dpchrist $ cat .xinitrc
exec /usr/local/bin/startxfce4 --with-ck-launch

9. Create D-Bus machine identifier:

toor at freebsd:/root # dbus-uuidgen --ensure=/etc/machine-id

10. Enable Xfce Shut Down and Restart by starting dbus and hald at 
system boot:

toor at freebsd:/root # diff /etc/rc.conf-20170114-1648 /etc/rc.conf
 > dbus_enable="YES"
 > hald_enable="YES"

11. Edit startx to silence xauth warning about missing serverauth:

toor at freebsd:/usr/local/bin # diff startx-20170111-1934-orig startx
<     xauth -q -f "$xserverauthfile" << EOF
 >     touch $xserverauthfile; xauth -q -f "$xserverauthfile" << EOF

12. Add Xfce settings to silence xfce4-session warnings "No GPG agent 
found" and "SSH authentication agent is already running":

     Application Menu -> Settings -> Settings Editor:

         Click New button:

             Property    /startup/ssh-agent/enabled
             Type:    Boolean
             Value:    TRUE

             Click Save button

         Click New button:

             Property:    /startup/ssh-agent/type
             Type:    String
             Value:    ssh-agent

             Click Save button

13. Install xscreensaver to enable Panel -> Action Buttons -> Lock 
Screen and Application Menu -> Settings -> Screensaver.

It would be good if somebody verified this recipe.

It would be good if 'pkg install xorg' included steps 4-6.

It would be good if 'pkg install xfce' included steps 7-13.

I have also installed the following packages, and they seem to work OOTB:


I have also updated the locate and makewhatis databases:

     toor at freebsd:/root # /etc/periodic/weekly/310.locate

     toor at freebsd:/root # makewhatis


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