tried everything (Swap Caps_Lock and Control_L) nothing works!

Bigby James bigby.james at
Wed Mar 25 16:01:42 UTC 2015

On 03/25, William Bulley wrote:
> This is really annoying.  I know I have used xmodmap(1) in the past
> and it served me well.  I now have a Dell keyboard on a Dell system
> and I can't get the caps lock key swapped with the left control key.
> Here is what I have now (yes, both -- belt and suspenders...):
> unix% head -6 $HOME/.xmodmaprc
> remove Lock = Caps_Lock
> remove Control = Control_L
> keysym Control_L = Caps_Lock
> keysym Caps_Lock = Control_L
> add Lock = Caps_Lock
> add Control = Control_L
> unix% grep modmap .xinitrc
> /usr/local/bin/xmodmap $HOME/.xmodmaprc
> unix% grep swap /etc/X11/xorg.conf
>         Option      "XkbOptions" "ctrl:swapcaps"
> unix% pkg info | grep xorg-server
> xorg-server-1.14.7_2,1         X.Org X server and related programs

You can easily do this without using xmodmap. Create the file
'/usr/local/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/10-keyboard.conf' and add the following to it:

> Section "InputClass"
>     Identifier "system-keyboard"
>     Option "XkbOptions" "ctrl:swapcaps"
> EndSection

Bingo, bango, done. You can also follow Marko Turk's suggestion, but I think the
above method is cleaner myself.

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