How Do I Find Find?

Jerry McAllister jerrymc at
Tue Mar 13 00:38:04 UTC 2007

On Mon, Mar 12, 2007 at 10:52:28AM -0700, Drew Jenkins wrote:

> I built a home server to prepare  to build a new production server. Well, the latter is built out, but when I went back to the former, it said there was a problem with my last shutdown (which I don't remember) and went into single user mode. I went to run a "find" and it complained it couldn't find the "find" command! I thought, what the heck, no great loss, I'll just rebuild this machine. But after re-installing FBSD, it *still* can't find the "find" command! Now I'm worried!  It wasn't in /usr/bin/ What happened to this installation??

That is because the file systems are not mounted in single user by
default.   You need to do it by hand.
Here is a good sequence to use if you boot to single user.

  fsck -p               does a preen on file systems
  mount -u /            Gets root remounted to read/write
  mount -a              mounts everything else normally mounted
  swapon -a             starts using swap

Then you should be able to do any local thing (no network is up yet).

A couple of things might prevent this from going well if some thing got
smutched or if some part of the system is failing - rare but happens.
It is possible the fsck might fail and you have to repeat it a couple
of times to get it to complete.  Do it and say 'y' to anything it wants to do.
If a file system is failing, you might no be able to mount it.  Hopefully
it won't be / or /usr or it will be hard to recover.


> TIA,
> Drew3
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