Samba connection fails

Derek Ragona derek at
Tue Apr 24 21:45:18 UTC 2007

At 03:38 PM 4/24/2007, L Goodwin wrote:
>I installed the samba-3.0.23c_2,1 package on a server destined for a small 
>office network running Windows clients. Have not yet configured the 
>network settings.
>Am trying to test the Samba configuration "offline" before connecting it 
>to the network (router connected to cable modem, clients connected to 
>router via Cat-5e Ethernet).
>Issues/Questions (see Samba configuration details at end of email):

This is a bit off-topic here.  There are samba lists that will better serve 

>1) "smbclient -L <hostname>" fails with "Connection to SERVER failed".
>Get same error for "smbclient //SERVER/sambavol". What does this mean?
>2) What value to assign "netbios name" in smb.conf?

The netbios name is the server's name your client pc's will see for those 
shares.  It will be case insensitive and needs to be a unique name for the LAN.

>3) What degree of network configuration is necessary for "smbclient -L 
><hostname>" to work?

You need a proper IP stack running that will hit the gateway for your LAN.

>4) How to verify that Samba3 package was installed successfully (other 
>than lack of warnings/errors during install)?

Use a client computer and test the connection.  There are utilities to 
help, but they don't always completely test a windows client connecting.

>1) Create smb.conf file in /usr/local/etc:
>workgroup = office
>netbios name = tbd (is this required, and how/where to get/set it?)

It is the server name you will use on your LAN.  Make it up.

>security = share
>path = /sambavol
>browseable = yes
>writeable = yes
>printable = no
>2) Add entry to start samba in /etc/rc.conf:
>     samba_enable="YES"
>3) Start Samba:
>     /usr/local/etc/rc.d/samba start
>(to stop samba: /usr/local/etc/rc.d/ stop)

Or it will start on boot-up.

>Note: Need to keep the file server synced with Internet standard time (see 
>NTPD(8) man page).
>1) Verify that smb.conf file is in the right directory (gets read):
>     which smbd    # Get location of smbd
>     (output: usr/local/sbin/smbd)
>     cd /usr/local/sbin    # cd to the directory containing smbd!
>     smbd -b | grep smb.conf    # Get location of smb.conf (verify path is 
> correct)
>     (output: CONFIGFILE: /usr/local/sbin/smb.conf)
>2) Test Samba configuration file:
>     cd /usr/local/etc
>     testparm smb.conf
>3) List shares available on server:
>     smbclient -L <hostname>
>RESULT: FAIL ("Connection to SERVER failed")
>Additional Samba Configuration Steps:
>1) Uncommented the following lines in /etc/inetd.conf and rebooted:
>     #netbios-ssn    stream    tcp    nowait    root 
> /usr/local/sbin/smbd    smbd
>     #netbios-ns    dgram    udp    wait    root    /usr/local/sbin/nmbd 
>   nmbd
>On reboot, get these boot messages:
>Removing stale Samba tdb files: ...... done
>Starting nmbd.
>Starting smbd.
>Starting usbd.
>RESULT: Still getting "Connection to SERVER failed".

Depends on how you are trying to do your authentication.  Check your 
smb.conf.  If you are going to authenticat against an existing windows 
domain or active directory you need to compile windbind in your samba.

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