lpd refuses to print from a machine with a DHCP assigned IP address...

Derek Ragona derek at computinginnovations.com
Fri Apr 6 14:53:04 UTC 2007

At 01:16 AM 4/6/2007, Amarendra Godbole wrote:
>My FreeBSD box picks up its IP through DHCP. Now I configured a
>printer on this machine, using apsfilter. So far so good. Now when I
>try to print anything, I see the following error in the lpd-errs file:
>Apr  6 11:00:03 zimbu lpd[1501]: unable to get official name for local
>machine zimbu.vxindia.veritas.com: hostname nor servname provided, or
>not known
>Apr  6 11:00:03 zimbu lpd[1501]: lp: no line printer device or host name
>Now, if I add an entry for zimbu in /etc/hosts (with the currently
>assigned IP address), printing works fine. My printcap is:
># APS1_BEGIN:printer1
># - don't delete start label for apsfilter printer1
># - no other printer defines between BEGIN and END LABEL
>    :lp=:\
>    :rm=sym6fp1.vxindia.veritas.com:\
>    :rp=sym6fp1:\
>    :if=/usr/local/etc/apsfilter/basedir/bin/apsfilter:\
>    :sd=/var/spool/lpd/sym6fp1:\
>    :lf=/var/spool/lpd/sym6fp1/log:\
>    :af=/var/spool/lpd/sym6fp1/acct:\
>    :mx#0:\
>    :sh:
># APS1_END - don't delete this
>sym6fp1.vxindia.veritas.com is the printer host (actually the printer
>itself, not an host really).
>Hence, my question is: Is there some tweak either in printcap, or
>somewhere else that will tell lpd that my IP address is DHCP assigned?
>Or how do I get printing enabled, without adding such an entry in
>/etc/hosts.conf? Any help to fix this issue will be appreciated.
>Thanks in advance!

You don't say if your DHCP IP is a private LAN IP or a public IP.

If the IP is public and you don't require direct access to this IP from the 
internet, put a router in place between your modem and the server and give 
your server a static private IP.

If you do need a public IP on your server, ask your provider for a static 
IP instead of a DHCP one.


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