bob89 at bobj.org
Sat Apr 24 20:50:45 PDT 2004
On Friday 23 April 2004 03:07 pm, Derrick Ryalls <"Derrick Ryalls"
<freebsd at fbsdsolutions.com>> wrote:
> Pardon if this is a bit off topic, but here it goes...
> I have a couier-mta system that is running nicely on my 4.9 box, and
> I wanted to add some server side mailfilter for some of my email
> (like put mail from this list into a specific folder automatically).
> I enabled maildrop in courierd, but I am unconvinced it is working.
> As a test, I put just this in my $HOME/.mailfilter file:
> to "./Maildir/.test"
It's been a long time since I set it up, so I don't remember the details
of how I came up with it, but the rule I use for this list is:
That's in the ".mailfilter" file in my home directory.
You also need a file named ".courier" in your home directory with the
following delivery instruction in it:
Which tells Courier to deliver your mail by handing it to the maildrop
> And the file is owned by me, and rw only by me as required for
> maildrop. Even so, mail is not being redirected at all. I have tried
> various thing (sorry didn't keep track) and searched around google to
> no avail.
> Does anyone know how to get maildrop working, and as a bonus have
> aliased acct names working as well?
I'm not sure what you mean by "aliased account names". If you have a
real mailbox named "james" and you want an alias
"freddie at fbsdsolutions.com" to be delivered to the "james" mailbox,
then put something like
in /usr/local/etc/courier/aliases/james (the name of the file isn't
important, as long as it is in the right directory). Once you've done
that, run /usr/local/sbin/makealiases to rebuild your aliases database.
It will take all the files in /usr/local/sbin/courier/aliases and build
an alias database from them, so you can, for example, have an alias
file for each user. While you are at it, edit the "system" file in the
aliases directory, and have mail for "root" sent somewhere useful.
Your other possibility for aliased accounts is the automatic aliasing
that happens when you create an extended account name on the fly. For
example, if you have an account "godzilla at fbsdsolutions.com", then mail
sent to "godzilla-questions at fbsdsolutions.com" or
"godzilla-test at fbsdsolutions.com" will be delivered to the "godzilla"
mailbox, or whereever you want it. ANY address created by adding a
hyphen and anything else to a real user's mailbox will be delivered as
directed by that user's ".courier-default" file. In the user's home
directory, create a file called ".courier-default" and put delivery
instructions in it, e.g.
if you want mail for automatic aliases to be run through the maildrop
filter. You can also change the extension character from a hyphen to
whatever you want, but I don't remember how. It might be a good idea
to change it from the default to keep the spammers on their toes.
Because Courier is so flexible, there are other ways you could
accomplish this. There are, for example (IIRC), system defaults for
the .courier and .courier-default files that you could set up, instead
of doing it in each user's home directory. Also, you could set up
delivery instructions for some of the automatic aliases, e.g. if you
want all mail for godzilla-questions at fbsdsolutions.com to be forwarded
to godzilla at yahoo.com, then you could create a file
".courier-questions" in godzilla's home directory with one line in it:
godzilla at yahoo.com
Or something like that. I'm doing this from memory, and I may have some
details wrong. "man dot-courier" will get you lots and lots of
Hope that at least provides useful clues.
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