what happened to make world?

Erik Trulsson ertr1013 at student.uu.se
Thu Aug 30 15:32:43 PDT 2007

On Thu, Aug 30, 2007 at 09:20:13PM +0200, Pietro Cerutti wrote:
> # make world
> WARNING: make world will overwrite your existing FreeBSD
> installation without also building and installing a new
> kernel.  This can be dangerous.  Please read the handbook,
> 'Rebuilding world', for how to upgrade your system.
> Define DESTDIR to where you want to install FreeBSD,
> including /, to override this warning and proceed as usual.
> You may get the historical 'make world' behavior by defining
> HISTORICAL_MAKE_WORLD.  You should understand the implications
> before doing this.
> Bailing out now...
> *** Error code 1
> Stop in /usr/src.
> Now, THIS is quite funny... do you really thing that a person with
> - root access
> - the knowledge of the existence of "make world"
> needs this sort of things?

Yes.  Having root access does not imply any particular knowledge or
In older documentation (which might be used by the unwary) there are
several references to 'make world'.

This means that a person new to FreeBSD may well attempt to use 'make world'
while (wrongly) believing it to be the correct thing to use and not being
aware of the pitfalls with it.

This is good to prevent.

> I didn't see anything about this new-wave-of-user-friendly-bsd going on
> the list.. have I missed something?

'make world' has been deprecated and not-recommended for several years now.
The correct sequence to upgrade is described in /usr/src/UPDATING and does
not involve 'make world'.

Personally I think the better solution would be to remove the 'world' target
completely from the makefiles, but there is probably some good reason for
why that has not been done.

<Insert your favourite quote here.>
Erik Trulsson
ertr1013 at student.uu.se

More information about the freebsd-hackers mailing list