cvs commit: src/share/man/man9 sleep.9

Greg 'groggy' Lehey grog at
Thu Mar 8 00:59:11 UTC 2007

[Format recovered--see]

Wrapping corrected.

On Monday,  5 March 2007 at 10:32:19 -0500, John Baldwin wrote:
> On Monday 05 March 2007 04:36, Robert Watson wrote:
>> On Sun, 4 Mar 2007, Greg Lehey wrote:
>>> grog        2007-03-04 23:42:58 UTC
>>>  FreeBSD src repository
>>>  Modified files:
>>>    share/man/man9       sleep.9
>>>  Log:
>>>  Rearrange function descriptions in more logical order.
>>>  Be less alarmist about the dangers of abusing wakeup_one().
>> How would you feel about language along the lines of:
>>    Prior to the introduction of wakeup_one(), using a single wait
>>    channel address was possible as long as all sleepers looped
>>    around the sleep call re-checking the condition after each
>>    wakeup.  However, with the addition of wakeup_one(), combining
>>    wait channels for multiple purposes may lead easily to bugs
>>    involving lost wakeups, and is strongly discouraged.  It is
>>    recommended that consumers of the sleep(9) programming interface
>>    carefully follow the convention of using only wait channels
>>    associated with memory addresses explicitly allocated for this
>>    purpose, and not overload or extend the semantics of existing
>>    wait channels without careful analysis in order to avoid
>>    potential channel collisions.  Programmers may find the cv(9)
>>    interface easier to use correctly, as it has explicit condition
>>    variable data structures.
>> That way we combine warnings about potential misuse with a
>> recommendation for the cv(9) API.
> How about a far simpler sentence:
> Programmers should ensure that wait channels are not used for
> multiple events.

Agreed that rwatson's is too long, but what's your objection to the
way it is now?

> Unless there is wide misunderstanding of this concept (which there
> doesn't seem to be judging from the followups) we shouldn't spend
> any more length on the topic than that.

When porting drivers from other places, we can't assume that the
driver writer was as aware of the issue as those relatively few who
have participated in this discussion.  I'm currently looking at a
driver which has misunderstood a number of issues in this area.  It
also appears to work unless the kernel is compiled with INVARIANTS.
The duplicate event per wchan issue is even more subtle: it can work
for ever and then hang inexplicably.

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