svn commit: r344118 - head/sys/i386/include

Bruce Evans brde at
Fri Feb 15 15:27:22 UTC 2019

On Fri, 15 Feb 2019, Konstantin Belousov wrote:

> On Sat, Feb 16, 2019 at 12:27:16AM +1100, Bruce Evans wrote:
>> On Fri, 15 Feb 2019, Konstantin Belousov wrote:
>>> On Fri, Feb 15, 2019 at 07:16:04AM +0000, Alexey Dokuchaev wrote:
>>>> Is there a reason to prefer pushl+movl+popl instead of movl+xchgl?
>>> ...
>>> xchgl seems to be slower even in registers format (where no implicit
>>> lock is used).  If you can demonstrate that your fragment is better in
>>> some microbenchmark, I can change it.  But also note that its use is not
>>> on the critical path.
>> The should have the same speed on modern x86.  xchgl %reg1,%reg2 is
>> not slow, but it changes 2 visible registers and a needs somwhere to
>> hold one of the registers while changing it, so on 14 year old AthlonXP
>> ...
> I think on modern Intels xchgl is implemented by renaming.  Still it is slower
> than typically highly optimized push/pops.
> That said, what is your preference ? My version or xchgl ?
> My own preference is to leave it as is, since it is slightly slower,
> and I do not want to spend several hours again, re-testing libc changes.

I like the push/pop instructions, so like it like it is.


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