Issues with GTX960 on CentOS7 using bhyve PCI passthru (FreeBSD 11-RC2)

Peter Grehan grehan at
Fri Jan 13 02:42:51 UTC 2017


>  First, `nvidia-smi -q` output diff [0] is interesting. It suggests that
>  the card may be in some incompletely initialized state: notice the
>  "Unknown Error" instead of real UUID, and the P8 power state. Could it
>  be that the driver doesn't put the card's BIOS in the right state?

  That is extremely likely. bhyve itself doesn't have a BIOS, though 
bhyve/UEFI could be modified to handle options ROMs (see

>  The command was run in both host and guest without Xorg loaded.

  Thanks for the diff; this is very useful.

> -    GPU UUID                        : GPU-f6c71b8e-f6c8-5a42-260d-1164720bf4f2
> +    GPU UUID                        : Unknown Error

  That implies some type of h/w access isn't working, either MMIO 
registers or response from a DMA command.

> -    Board ID                        : 0x100
> +    Board ID                        : 0x4

  The same ?

>              PCIe Generation
>                  Max                 : 2
> -                Current             : 2
> +                Current             : 1

  bhyve's emulated PCI hostbridge only advertises gen-1 - that could be 
easily changed to gen2. That could make a difference for some of the 
clock issues below

  (source is pci_emul.c:pci_emul_add_pciecap())

>              Link Width
>                  Max                 : 16x
>                  Current             : 16x

  That's a bit unexpected since the hostbridge only advertises 1x, but 
the driver is probably exporting the host value here.

> -    Performance State               : P0
> +    Performance State               : P8

  Note sure what's happening here.

>      Clocks
> -        Graphics                    : 625 MHz
> -        SM                          : 1251 MHz
> -        Memory                      : 1304 MHz
> -        Video                       : 540 MHz
> +        Graphics                    : 405 MHz
> +        SM                          : 810 MHz
> +        Memory                      : 324 MHz
> +        Video                       : 405 MHz

  This may be related to the gen1 vs gen2 issue above.

> When rebooting, I get this:
> nvidia-modeset: ERROR: GPU:0: Idling display engine timed out: 0x0000857d:0:0:0x00000040

  This may be DMA not working.

  A general issue with PCI passthrough is that often MMIO from the guest 
works, since that is just VT-x remapping, but DMA doesn't work due to 
issues with IOMMU programming (or incorrect mappings being used). This 
gives a device that partially works in that registers can be read, but 
data transfer doesn't work.

> Jan 11 11:34:49 fbsd12tst kernel: nvidia-modeset: ERROR: GPU:0: Display engine push buffer channel allocation failed
> Jan 11 11:34:49 fbsd12tst kernel: nvidia-modeset: ERROR: GPU:0: Failed to allocate display engine core DMA push buffer

  Not sure what's happening with those.

  Would it be possible to try the nouveau driver ? At least the source 
is available, so it may be easier to determine what is broken.



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