mpslsi0 : Trying sleep, but thread marked as sleeping prohibited

Desai, Kashyap Kashyap.Desai at
Thu Feb 23 00:22:20 UTC 2012

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Konstantin Belousov [mailto:kostikbel at]
> Sent: Thursday, February 23, 2012 12:45 AM
> To: Desai, Kashyap
> Cc: freebsd-scsi at; freebsd-stable; Justin T. Gibbs; Kenneth
> D. Merry; McConnell, Stephen
> Subject: Re: mpslsi0 : Trying sleep, but thread marked as sleeping
> prohibited
> On Wed, Feb 22, 2012 at 07:36:42PM +0530, Desai, Kashyap wrote:
> > Hi,
> >
> > I am doing some code changes in mps dirver. While working on those
> changes, I come to know about something which is new to me.
> > Some expert help is required to clarify my doubt.
> >
> > 1. When any irq is register with FreeBSD OS, it sets " TDP_NOSLEEPING"
> > pflag. It means though irq in freebsd is treated as thread, We cannot
> sleep in IRQ because of " "TDP_NOSLEEPING " set.
> > 2. In mps driver we have below code snippet in ISR routine.
> >
> >
> >     mps_dprint(sc, MPS_TRACE, "%s\n", __func__);
> >     mps_lock(sc);
> >     mps_intr_locked(data);
> >     mps_unlock(sc);
> >
> > I wonder why there is no issue with above code ? Theoretical we cannot
> > sleep in ISR. (as explained in #1) Any thoughts ?
> >
> >
> > 3. I recently added few place msleep() instead of DELAY in ISR context
> > and I see " Trying sleep, but thread marked as sleeping prohibited".
> >
> FreeBSD has several basic ways to prevent a thread from executing on
> CPU.
> They mostly fall into two categories: bounded sleep, sometimes called
> blocking, and unbounded sleep, usually abbreviated as sleep. The bounded
> there refers to amount of code executed by other thread that hold
> resource preventing blocked thread from making a progress.
> Examples of the blocking primitives are mutexes, rw locks and rm locks.
> The blocking is not counted as sleeping, so interrupt threads, which are
> designated as non-sleeping, still can lock mutexes.
Thanks for the tech help.  . 

As per you comment, So now I understood as "TDP_NOSLEEPING" is only for unbounded sleep restriction.
Just curious to know, What is a reason that thread can do blocking sleep but can't do unbounded sleep ?
Since technically we introduced sleeping restriction on interrupt thread is to avoid starvation and that can be fit with either of the sleep type.
Is this not true ?

I will be able to progress on my work based on your comment. A much thanks for correcting my doubt.

~ Kashyap

> Examples of the sleeping primitives are msleep(), sx locks, lockmgr
> locks and conditional variables.
> In essence, the locking facilities are split into several classes that
> form the hierarchy, and you cannot legally obtain the lock of higher
> class while holding a lock of lower class:
> 	spin mutexes -> blocking locks -> sleeping locks.
> It establishes some meta-order on the all locks.
> Does this make sense ?

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