ipfw: Too many dynamic rules
ivoras at freebsd.org
Fri Sep 10 12:08:20 UTC 2010
On 09/09/10 17:39, Gareth de Vaux wrote:
> Hi again, I use some keep-state rules in ipfw, but get the following
> kernel message:
> kernel: ipfw: install_state: Too many dynamic rules
> when presumably my state table reaches its limit (and I effectively
> get DoS'd).
> netstat shows tons of connections in FIN_WAIT_2 state, mostly to
> my webserver. Consequently net.inet.ip.fw.dyn_count is large too.
> I can increase my net.inet.ip.fw.dyn_max but the new limit will
> simply be reached later on.
For what it's worth, here's what I've been running:
If in a tight spot, I might reduce dyn_ack_lifetime to 10.
There is no way this machine would service 8192 legitimate simultaneous
connections so this works for me. If you have the memory I think you can
increase dyn_max practically arbitrarily. If under a DDoS attack, you
might run out of some other resource, like ephemeral TCP ports for the
server side of connections, before running out of ipfw entries.
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