Updating from 11.3-stable to 12.1-stable?
freebsd at edvax.de
Thu Apr 30 14:14:56 UTC 2020
On Thu, 30 Apr 2020 08:46:52 -0500, Scott Bennett wrote:
> On Wed, 29 Apr 2020 16:27:54 -0500 Bob Willcox <bob at immure.com> wrote:
> > Well, here are the steps that I took to upgrade my 11.3-STABLE system to
> > 12.1-STABLE. May not be the best/most efficient but they worked for me
> > and I thought someone else may benefit from them.
> > 1) Make a backup of the current system
> > 2) Delete everything in /usr/src, making certin to remove the files and directories
> > that start with a dot (".").
> > 3) Delete everything in /usr/obj.
> > 4) Download (via svn) the new FreeBSD release /usr/src to be updated to.
> > 5) Build the new world from the source.
> > 6) Build the new kernel from the source.
> > 7) Run "mergemaster -Fp" to update files that may be needing update prior to
> > doing the installworld.
> > 8) Run "make installworld" in /usr/src.
> > 9) Run "make installkernel" in /usr/src.
> > 10) Run "mergemaster -iU" do update any remaining files that need to be updated.
> > 11) Reboot the system.
> > 12) Run "pkg update" to update the pkg database to the new system's level.
> > 13) Run "pkg upgrade" to update all packages to reflect the new system's level.
> > 14) Reboot the system.
> If you did things as you state and it worked, you got lucky. Your step 7) has
> to be run in /usr/src, just like 8) and 9) and 10). 8) and 9) appear above in
> reversed order. Also, you omitted 8.5). Steps 8) through 9) should have been:
> 8) Run "make installkernel" in /usr/src.
> 8.5) Reboot. IFF this new kernel comes up correctly, then proceed to step 9).
> 9) Run "make installworld" in /usr/src.
> Not doing it like this runs a grave risk of needing to restore the system from
> backups to make it usable again. The last time I looked at it, the Handbook
> laid this procedure out clearly.
I'd like to add that the order in which kernel and world are
to be installed, combined with the suggestion to install world
in single-user mode, is provided to minimize the risk of
accidentally rendering the systen unbootable or damaged.
That's why the instructions in /usr/src/Makefile should be
taken as _the_ recommended method when updating from source.
Check the comment header of /usr/src/Makefile for details.
Happy FreeBSD user since 4.0
Andra moi ennepe, Mousa, ...
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