vt(4) iso-8859-1 latin accentuated characters do not show on console

Vitalio D v.dol_s at hotmail.com
Mon Dec 11 22:02:28 UTC 2017

Hello, Ben, Polytropon, Steve

Ok got it at the end. As we say in french 'ouf enfin' :)

So yes both MM_CHARSET and LANG are mandatory
CHARSET should be UTF-8
and lang accordingly in my case fr_FR.UTF-8
>From ~/.login_config


Drawback is that now all doc is in french :) This is kind surprising that I'm
forced to read a doc in french when all I  wanted is to be able to type some 
weird french letters. :) That's why I've missed it first time. I was just setting the
charset but not lang.

valid lang values can be figured out as from handbook by running 'locale -a' command,
and yes there is a fr_FR.UTF-8 entry.
Thank you all.

I'll see if got time to read fdp-primer and submit diff for doc.
Thanks again. You guys rock.
From: Ben Woods <woodsb02 at gmail.com>
Sent: Monday, December 11, 2017 9:19 PM
To: Vitalio D
Cc: Polytropon; freebsd-questions at freebsd.org; steve at sohara.org
Subject: Re: vt(4) iso-8859-1 latin accentuated characters do not show on console

On Tue, 12 Dec 2017 at 9:49 am, Vitalio D <v.dol_s at hotmail.com<mailto:v.dol_s at hotmail.com>> wrote:
Hello, Polytropon, Steve

Thank you guys for your help. I've figured it out finally.
So to use vt(4) with accented west European glyphs I had to do the following
in ~/.login_conf


in rc.conf

Steve, yes the handbook I was trying to read is fr_FR.ISO8859-1. There is no fr_FR.UTF-8 handbook unfortunately (at least did not find on svn).
Also should the handbook (the i18l section) be updated since vt(4) is default driver?

Hi Vitalio,

That’s great it’s now working for you!

Do you think you would be able to generate some text to add to the i18l section of the handbook with your findings about vt(4), and submit it in a bug report?

You could initially just submit this as plain text, or even better if you wanted to go the next step, as a diff to the handbook source.


Instructions on how to submit improvements to the handbook are described in French here:



From: Benjamin Woods
woodsb02 at gmail.com<mailto:woodsb02 at gmail.com>

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