A: ezjail to qjail migration

Sergei G sergeig.public at gmail.com
Fri Feb 5 18:20:23 UTC 2016


If for watever (in)sane reason you need to migrate your ezjail installation
to qjail, here is what appears have worked for me.

* stop jails
* pkg remove ezjail
* comment out your jail related, IP management related /etc/rc.conf entries
* move content of /usr/jails/ to some other location.  I moved it to /mnt,
because of the file system remount.
* pkg install qjail    (not qjail2)
* qjail install

Actual jail migration

I created a Makefile (it is my personal preference due to ease of named
parameters, auto quit on error and ability to create new task quickly) in

Here is a relevant Makefile content:


        cat Makefile

# create jail
        qjail create -n bce0 -4 192.168.3.$(lip) $(name)

# make sync oldname=... name=... n=
        rsync -aAXSH$(n)v --log-file=sync-$(name).log
--exclude-from=sync-excl.txt $(old)/etc $(old)/root $(old)/tmp $(old)/usr
$(old)/var $(name)

# push update to jail
        -rm $(name)/etc/resolv.conf
        cp flavors/hnet/etc/resolv.conf $(name)/etc/resolv.conf

And important rsync exclusions file:

 cat sync-excl.txt

For example, if I have wiki-hnet jail in /mnt/wiki-hnet-old and I want to
create a new jail wiki-hnet on the same IP I will do:

1. create qjails jail with:

   make create lip=11 name=wiki-hnet

2. now I need to merge content of wiki-hnet-old jail from
/mnt/wiki-hnet-old into new jail:
test run:      make sync oldname=wiki-hnet-old name=wiki-hnet
real run:      make sync oldname=wiki-hnet-old name=wiki-hnet n=

That uses rsync to copy files, but excludes list of shared jailed
directories.  Last 3 items in sync-excl.txt are files that I added, because
of my configuration differences and need to do manual merge.

I had to copy reolv.conf file enough times that there is a custom make
target for that:

make s-resolv name=wiki-hnet

which copies content from flavor directory.

The variables have defaults to prevent destruction in case you forget a

It seems to work for me on fully updated FreeBSD 10.2 release.

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