Limiting CPU on some processes on web server

Polytropon freebsd at
Wed Mar 11 14:12:01 UTC 2015

On Wed, 11 Mar 2015 14:04:19 +0000, opendaddy at wrote:
> On 11. mars 2015 at 1:41 PM, "Polytropon" <freebsd at> wrote:
> >
> >The main differnce in functionality is that ulimit -t defines
> >the limit as time, whereas cpulimit defines it as percentage
> >of CPU resources used.
> >
> >Another difference is that ulimit comes with FreeBSD's default
> >scripting shell, whereas cpulimit is a Linux program that has
> >to be compiled from source, after porting it, of course. :-)
> >
> Sounds really tempting especially considering those other cpulimit
> compile errors.

If you manually add "#include <libgen.h>" to src/cpulimit.c
and remove "#ifdef __APPLE__" ... "#endif" from tests/process_iterator_test.c
around the "#include <libgen.h>" line, you can run "gmake"
(in src/ and /test, or at the top level), and it will successfully


$ ./cpulimit 
Error: You must specify a cpu limit percentage
Usage: cpulimit [OPTIONS...] TARGET
      -l, --limit=N          percentage of cpu allowed from 0 to 200 (required)
      -v, --verbose          show control statistics
      -z, --lazy             exit if there is no target process, or if it dies
      -i, --include-children limit also the children processes
      -h, --help             display this help and exit
   TARGET must be exactly one of these:
      -p, --pid=N            pid of the process (implies -z)
      -e, --exe=FILE         name of the executable program file or path name
      COMMAND [ARGS]         run this command and limit it (implies -z)

You can try that "quick & dirty" modification and check if
the cputime program _works_ for you.

> Is there a CPU time limit equivalent to say 20% or have I totally misunderstood?

I'd say it's hard to calculate or estimate absolute CPU time
from relative resource consumption (load). You will probably
have to test this with the real application you want to limit.

Magdeburg, Germany
Happy FreeBSD user since 4.0
Andra moi ennepe, Mousa, ...

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