How to manually compile on FreeBSD 10.x

Odhiambo Washington odhiambo at
Wed Dec 3 14:21:48 UTC 2014

On 3 December 2014 at 17:09, Julien Cigar <jcigar at> wrote:

> On Wed, Dec 03, 2014 at 04:57:58PM +0300, Odhiambo Washington wrote:
> > Hi Mehmet,
> >
> > You perhaps did not understand my question or I wasn't clear.
> >
> > On previous versions of FreeBSD, issues with compilers have never been an
> > issue. However from FreeBSD 10, a lot has changed and it appears someone
> > needs to manually install a compiler.
> GCC has been removed from BASE in FreeBSD 10+ (and replaced by CLANG)
> >
> > I went around my problem by:
> >
> > cd /usr/bin
> > ln -s clang++ gcc
> that's a very bad idea.. You should install gcc from ports or force
> CXX=clang++ in the Makefile (or in the env).
> also I don't understand why you're not using the port (mail/exim) ?

Hi Julien,

That very bad idea came from :-)
There is also the option to install gcc from the ports, but I went for the
shortcut of symlink because of obvious reasons - not knowing what is the

So I have done away with the symlink.

[root at admin ~/Exim/exim-4.85_RC2]# export CXX=clang++ (I even added it to
[root at admin ~/Exim/exim-4.85_RC2]# make
/bin/sh scripts/source_checks
`Makefile' is up to date.

gcc buildconfig.c
make[1]: exec(gcc) failed (No such file or directory)
*** Error code 1

make[1]: stopped in /root/Exim/exim-4.85_RC2/build-FreeBSD-i386
*** Error code 1

make: stopped in /root/Exim/exim-4.85_RC2
[root at admin ~/Exim/exim-4.85_RC2]#

The reason I am not using the port is because I want to test the current
version of Exim.

What is the best way to handle this? Step-by-step please.

Best regards,
"I can't hear you -- I'm using the scrambler."

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