Bad file descriptor

Polytropon freebsd at
Fri Apr 18 22:39:32 UTC 2014

On Fri, 18 Apr 2014 22:13:10 +0000 (UTC), Walter Hurry wrote:
> Booted from a USB stick. I was disconcerted for a minute or two when fsck 
> said it couldn't recognise the filesystem, but after I inserted '-t ufs' 
> into the fsck command*, all was well.

This is intended. The fsck program determines the file system
type which should be apllied by examining /etc/fstab, which
obviously does not match your hard disk partitions when you
boot from a USB stick. In /etc/fstab, the connection of device,
mount directory, and file system (as well as mount and dump
options) is made.

> (Reminder to self: Keep a bootable USB stick handy.)
> * fsck -fy -t ufs /dev/ada0s2 (or whatever / is)

Correct. Just remember to be _sure_ you know what you're doing
when using the -y option. In a ultra-worst case, this can damage
your chances in a data recovery setting. See "man fsck" for

Also note that in your case, / is probably ada0s2a
(MBR partitioning type concluded), because 'a' usually
denotes a bootable partition, and ada0s2 would be the
same as ada0s2c where 'c' means "the whole partition"
(or even "the whole disk" in case slices are omitted).
So you will surely run this command:

	# fsck -yf -t ufs /dev/ada2s1a

Partition letters 'd' to 'h' may denote further partitions
inside the slice. It won't hurt to also check them.

Magdeburg, Germany
Happy FreeBSD user since 4.0
Andra moi ennepe, Mousa, ...

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