Why no "ls" on DVD or livefs.iso?

Polytropon freebsd at edvax.de
Sun Oct 6 06:58:46 UTC 2013

On Sun, 06 Oct 2013 01:29:19 -0500, W. D. wrote:
> Booted with both.  Alt-F4 to get to command line.
> Very limited commands: "ls: not found".

Try /rescue/ls explicitely instead.

> Why?  What good are these disks if they don't have
> the most basic of commands?

Only live systems offer more than the "holographic shell"
when booted properly. FreeSBIE has been a very good live
system in the past, but the current installers also allow
you to drop into a working shell environment at a very
early stage (from within bsdinstall).


This dialog should bring you into a working shell. I've
been using it myself for disk initialization with a
FreeBSD 9.1 CD.

> Trying to clone a hard disk that has an number
> of bad sectors.  Trying to save most of my data.

A good approach. If possible, try to obtain a 1:1 copy
of the disk (or partition) and work with that. Check
the mailing list archives for further inspiration.

Magdeburg, Germany
Happy FreeBSD user since 4.0
Andra moi ennepe, Mousa, ...

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