Fwd: Re: ssd for zfs

krichy at cflinux.hu krichy at cflinux.hu
Wed Nov 27 16:25:51 UTC 2013

Dear users,

I am facing with a problem that my new SSD seems to behave on freebsd as 
its write cache had been turned off. And I could not make it enabled.
Under linux, if I attach it to a ZFS pool as a log device, the pool can 
reach around 1400 write IOPS, but the same under freebsd is just only 
100 IOPS. Under
linux  I could disable the write cache, when the performance also 
dropped to 100 IOPS. The device itself handles the write cache well, so 
I would like to use it with that enabled.

Any advice, where to go? What to debug?

FreeBSD is a 9.2-STABLE, up-to-date.

Thanks in advance,

-------- Eredeti üzenet --------
Tárgy: Fwd: Re: ssd for zfs
Dátum: 2013-11-27 15:14
Feladó: krichy at cflinux.hu
Címzett: freebsd-scsi at freebsd.org

-------- Eredeti üzenet --------
Tárgy: Re: ssd for zfs
Dátum: 2013-11-27 14:07
Feladó: Richard Kojedzinszky <krichy at cflinux.hu>
Címzett: Tom Evans <tevans.uk at googlemail.com>
Másolat: FreeBSD FS <freebsd-fs at freebsd.org>

Dear FS devs,

After some investigation, it turned out that when I turn write-cache off 
under linux, the performance drops to 100 on that OS also. But when 
enabled, 1400 IOPS (synchronous) can be achieved. So I would like to see 
the same on FreeBSD as well. Using camcontrol shows that the write cache 
is enabled, but I may assume that something around this is causing the 
performance degradation. But unfortunately I cannot step forward right 


Kojedzinszky Richard

On Wed, 27 Nov 2013, Tom Evans wrote:

> On Wed, Nov 27, 2013 at 8:51 AM, Richard Kojedzinszky 
> <krichy at cflinux.hu> wrote:
>> Dear fs developers,
>> Probably this is not the best list to report my issue, but please 
>> forward it
>> to where it should get.
>> I bought an SSD for my ZFS filesystem to use it as a ZIL. I've tested 
>> it
>> under linux, and found that it can handle around 1400 random 
>> synchronized
>> write IOPS. Then I placed it into my freebsd 9.2 box, and after 
>> attaching it
>> as a ZIL, my zpool only performs 100 (!) write iops. I've attached it 
>> to an
>> AHCI controller and to an LSI 1068 controller, on both it behaves the 
>> same.
>> So I expect that something in the scsi layer is different, FreeBSD is
>> handling this device slower, but actually it can handle the 1400 iops 
>> as
>> tested under linux.
>> Please give some advice where to go, how to debug, and how to improve
>> FreeBSD's performance with this drive.
> The ZIL is only used for synchronous writes. The majority of writes
> are asynchronous, and the ZIL is not used at all. Plus, a ZIL can only
> increase iops by bundling writes - if your underlying pool is write
> saturated already, then a ZIL can't help - any data written to the ZIL
> has to end up on the pool.
> Test the SSD by itself under FreeBSD to rule out FreeBSD not working
> correctly on the SSD (I doubt this though).
> Cheers
> Tom

More information about the freebsd-questions mailing list