Installing FreeBSD ver. 8.2
freebsd at edvax.de
Sat Dec 31 08:26:44 UTC 2011
On Fri, 30 Dec 2011 20:45:37 -0800 (PST), leeoliveshackelford at surewest.net wrote:
> Good evening, dear FreeBSD enthusiast. I am a newcomer,
> and have installed FreeBSD 8.2 on a Hewlett-Packard xw4400.
Excellent choice of OS.
> After many hours of frustration, I am tearing my hair out.
> I want my system to include an M-Audio Delta 1010LT sound
> card, MIDI over USB driver, X-windows, and Gnome.
The M-Audio Delta sound hardware is listed in the snd_envy24
sound driver. MIDI over USB... sorry, no experience with that
(only "real" MIDI in ye olden times). X-Window (X11) and
Gnome need to be installed, they are not part of the operating
> The instructions in the handbook and on-disk man do not
> seem to apply to this version of FreeBSD, or at least I
> do not seem to know how to apply them.
The basic steps should be the same. They have been nearly
the same since 4.0. :-)
> I type "find sound," or "find pcm," or find snd_envy24,"
> or "find x11," or "find gnome," and receive either a
> blank response, or response of "file does not exist" to
> all of these queries.
That's correct. See "man find" for how to properly invoke
that program. Basically, you use
# find <start-dir> -name <what>
to find some specific files, e. g.
# find /usr/ports -name gnome
# find /boot -name snd_envy24\*
You can add the \* wildcard (* needs to be escaped for the
shell to _not_ expand it!) if you're not searching for one
specific file name.
> All of these items were supposedly installed at the time
> of system configuration, but as to where, I cannot seem
> to determine.
Installed software will be in /usr/local. You can for example
use the command
# find /usr/local -name gnome-session\*
to see if the gnome session manager has been installed.
An easier approach is to make yourself familiar with ports
and packages, and how to use the pkg_* family of tools, as
well as how to read the content of /var/db/pkg; for example,
all installed software will cause a directory to be created
in that path, so you can see if it's there:
# ls /var/db/pkg/gnome*
will list all gnome stuff that is installed. This subtree is
your "catalog of installed things". But it's _much_ easier
to read "man pkg_info" and use that.
It's not the time for a lecture about shell scripting
right now. :-)
Just in case you don't know the correct syntax for any
command, or the purpose or layout of a file, use its
man page. FreeBSD is known for covering all the parts
of the OS with a proper manual page (system binaries
and scripts, configuration files, device drivers,
kernel interfaces, library functions, system operation
and maintenance procedures, and introductions).
> The gnome installation took twice as long as installation
> of everything else. Where did sysinstall install it?
Into /usr/local. Gnome is a "heavy beast" with lots of
> How do I get it to start?
This is covered in the Handbook in section 6.7:
make sure you're running the depending services related
to making Gnome functional. Additionally, in most cases
you'll want to have
in /etc/rc.conf, the system's configuration file.
Also see http://www.freebsd.org/gnome/
> The response to "startx" is "file does not exit." I realize
> that I may be missing something o
It seems that you're missing X. :-)
You need to install the xorg port (or package via pkg_add -r)
along with the driver for your graphics card. If you have
successfully accomplished that, Gnome should be up and
Happy FreeBSD user since 4.0
Andra moi ennepe, Mousa, ...
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