pkg_add vs portmaster

Reid Linnemann lreid at
Tue Dec 13 19:55:57 UTC 2011

On Sun, Dec 11, 2011 at 10:09 PM, Mage <mage at> wrote:
>        Hello,
> why is that
> "pkg_add -r x11/kde4" could not install kde4 (404 not found) but "portmaster
> -P x11/kde4" did, however
> "portmaster -P xorg" didn't install xorg (it just reinstalled some modules)
> then "pkg_add -r xorg" installed it.
> I am a bit confused with these.
> I was reading this:
> and this:
> First I installed kde4 then xorg. My ports are up to date.
>        Mage
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I think what you're running into here is a difference in semantics
between the pkg_* tools and the ports tools. When using pkg_add -r,
you do not need to specify the category. pkg_add will determine the
proper objformat and release to fetch from ftp, so in this case
"pkg_add -r xorg" will work just fine.

When you use portmaster, it's the opposite. You do need to tell it
'x11/xorg' so it knows you want a specific port in /usr/ports instead
of a glob pattern of an existing port in /var/db/pkg - see this in the
SYNOPSIS section of the man page portmaster(8)

     portmaster [Common Flags] full name of port directory in /var/db/pkg
     portmaster [Common Flags] full path to /usr/ports/foo/bar
     portmaster [Common Flags] glob pattern of directories from /var/db/pkg

Does that make more sense?

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