How to allow Amanda to install as operator?

Chris Rees utisoft at
Tue Aug 23 20:31:31 UTC 2011

Please CC me in replies, this was passed on to me by someone subscribed.

"Morse, Richard E.MGH" wrote:
> Hi! I'm trying to upgrade my Amanda installation from a v2.6 to v3.2 via
> ports. I had configured Amanda previously to be installed as the user
> `operator`. The upgraded version wants to install as the user `amanda`;
> however this presents all kinds of problems:
>        - the `amanda` user has no home directory, one is needed to put the
> access file in
>        - I already have all of the directories set up as owned by operator
>        - I have a number of clients that are all set up to allow operator to
> access them, but not "amanda".
> I have tried setting AMANDA_USER and AMANDA_GROUP to be `operator`, but this
> then complains that `operator` is not found in `/usr/ports/GIDs` and
> `/usr/ports/UIDs`. Since these are part of the base system, I don't want to
> mess with them, so I groveled through the .mk files, and determined that I
> should be able to provide my own user and group files by setting the
> GID_FILES and UID_FILES environment variable.
> I tried this. I created the necessary files (greping out the data from
> /etc/passwd and /etc/group), put them in the same directory as GIDs and
> UIDs, and ran the make command:
>        GID_FILES="/usr/ports/OP_GROUP" UID_FILES="/usr/ports/OP_USER"
> AMANDA_USER="operator" AMANDA_GROUP="operator" make install
> This runs along for a while, then dies with the note:
>        ** /usr/ports/OP_GROUP doesn't exist. Exiting.
>        *** Error code 1
> If I do a `less /usr/ports/OP_GROUP` (copying exactly from the error
> message), I can see the file I created just fine.
> Is there something that I'm missing? How am I supposed to install a port as
> a user that already exists? Why doesn't make see that the file exists?

Update your ports tree and try again. Let me know if it doesn't work!


Chris Rees          | FreeBSD Developer
crees at   |

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