xorg, xdm, desktop env

Polytropon freebsd at edvax.de
Thu Mar 4 23:25:23 UTC 2010

On Thu, 4 Mar 2010 09:30:05 +0100, n dhert <ndhertbsd at gmail.com> wrote:
> Installed a fresh FreeBSD-8.0, xorg, configured xorg for my screen,
> installed xdm.
> After reboot I see a graphical login window. When entering username and
> password, it seems to accept it, but immediatly present the graphical login
> window again. (In console mode (Ctrl-Alt-F1) I can login at the login:
> prompt with the
> same username/password).
> Has FreeSBD somewhere a default environment (in that case why does it not
> appear after logging in at the
> XDM graphical window) or do you still need to install a Desktop environment
> (Gnome, KDE, Xfce) and is it
> normal that after logging in at the XDM window, you are thrown out again..

As far as I know, earlier X installations came with the
tab window manager - twm. This doesn't seem to be the case
anymore. Because neither X or FreeBSD itself do include
a complete desktop environment (such as KDE, Gnome, Xfce),
you need to install it yourself, and then make it available
to your user using ~/.xsession or ~/.xinitrc respectively.

If those files are not present, a default should be used by
X. According to which version of X you have installed, those
defaults could launch twm with some xterms (the default is
somewhere in /usr/local/lib/X11, ex /usr/X11R6/lib/X11), or
just recognize that X program initialisation is missing and
then exit - which is still a bit strange, because the X server
should run anyway, "without programs".

Check /var/log/Xorg.0.log for possible errors.

What does happen if you don't run xdm, but instead log in
with your user account and then run the "startx" command?

Magdeburg, Germany
Happy FreeBSD user since 4.0
Andra moi ennepe, Mousa, ...

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