iptables equivaelnt

Erik Norgaard norgaard at locolomo.org
Tue Jun 22 19:36:34 UTC 2010

On 21/06/10 20.06, pete wright wrote:
>> On Jun 21, 2010, at 10:28 AM, Jean-Paul Natola wrote:
>>> I'm particuclary trying to implement some  type of rate control as we are getting hammered by spam.
> I'd humbly suggest pf + spamd if you are concerned specifically about
> stopping spam, both are supported by freebsd and i have had great
> success using these tools to combat spam.

spamd does not stop spam. It is intented to increase the cost of sending 
spam at little cost to your server by keeping the spammer busy trying.

If you're concerned with blocking spam from a limited set of known 
sources, then you can create block lists in your firewall. If you know 
that you will not receive legitimate mails from certain countries, you 
can block their assigned IP ranges.

If you're trying to block large number of unknown sources, then I 
suggest subscribing to spamhaus' lists and configure your server to 
adhere strictly to the protocols.

You may wish to subscribe to lists of dynamic ip-ranges. These are often 
considered spam sources hosting a large number of bot-nets  However, you 
may also block mail from legitimate servers run by people who like to 
run their own home server - such as FreeBSD users.

There is only limited benefit of some kind of rate control and I believe 
that such controls must be implemented in your mail server. Implementing 
rate control mail also delay legitimate mail, and depending on how you 
do it, spammers may even cause a DOS against your server.

Anyway, to avoid spammers eating up server resources, check your server 

1. ensure that the spam decision is reached as fast as possible
2. consider early whitelisting of the most common legitimate mail sources
3. DNS block lists should be last as they add additional delay, possibly 
you can configure a local dns cache to shorten delay

BR, Erik
Erik Nørgaard
Ph: +34.666334818/+34.915211157                  http://www.locolomo.org

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