Upgrading packages

Chris racerx at makeworld.com
Wed Sep 2 05:05:16 UTC 2009

On Wed, 2 Sep 2009 01:32:47 +0200
Polytropon <freebsd at edvax.de> wrote:

> On Tue, 1 Sep 2009 17:15:53 -0500, Chris <racerx at makeworld.com> wrote:
> > Greetings,
> > 
> > Probably a long time discussed question:
> > Updating a system is (or can be) done with freebsd-update.
> > What is the suggested way of upgrading packages (not ports)?
> There's at least portupgrade with the -P option that forces the
> use of packages. You can as well use pkg_add to perform an
> "upgrade-like" action, but you'll have to take care for more
> things manually.

From sysutils/bsdadminscripts - pkg_upgrade looks like what I am

From the pkg_upgrade man page...

PKG_UPGRADE(1)               BSD Reference Manual


     pkg_upgrade - upgrade an installed package in-place


     pkg_upgrade [-afqsv] pkgname.cgz


     The pkg_upgrade command is used to upgrade an installed package
     in-place. If no other version of the package is installed and -a
     is not given, pkg_upgrade simply calls pkg_add(1). Otherwise, the
     installed package is deleted and the new version is added, keeping
     dependencies intact.

     The following command line options are supported:

     -a      Ignore packages for which no older version is installed

     -f      Force upgrading the package: Also upgrade if the exact
     same ver- sion is already installed, useful if you rebuilt a
     package from source. If a conflicting package other than an older
     version of the same package is installed, remove it.

     -q      Don't print less important messages (quiet).

     -s      Enable special treatment for shared libraries, see below

     -v      Pass the -v flag to subprocesses for more verbose


     pkg_upgrade has a special mode for upgrading shared library
     packages. Consider the following situation: You have installed a
     package foo that contains libfoo.so.1.0. Package bar is also
     installed and contains a binary that depends on this version of
     libfoo. Now you upgrade the foo package, the new version contains
     libfoo.so.2.0 instead. The other binary will no longer run.

     For this reason, systems like Debian split their library packages
     in two: the library itself and a "developer" package containing
     headers and so on. Instead, pkg_upgrade creates a "stub package"
     from the installed package. Basically, the installed package is
     split in two. The old li- braries are kept as a package named
     stub-pkgname while the rest is delet- ed and replaced by the new

     In the general case, this should work but you may still run into
     situa- tions where you will need to rebuild dependent packages
     from source. In any case, you can delete unused stub packages
     after you have rebuilt dependent packages.


     pkg_add(1), pkg_create(1), pkg_delete(1), ports(7)

Best regards,


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