remove newlines from a file

George Davidovich freebsd at
Tue Sep 1 20:51:58 UTC 2009

On Tue, Sep 01, 2009 at 06:03:19PM +0000, Paul Schmehl wrote:
> I found a sed tutorial once that did this, but I can't seem to find it
> again.  

You're probably thinking of "Useful One-Line Scripts for Sed":

A good follow-up:

> I have a file with multiple lines, each of which contains a single ip
> followed by a /32 and a comma.  I want to combine all those lines into
> a single line by removing all the newline characters at the end of
> each line.
> What's the best/most efficient way of doing that in a shell?

A sed solution would be

  sed -e :a -e '$!N; s/\n/ /; ta' my_file

Other (easier to remember) solutions could include:

  tr -d '\n' < my_file
  tr '\n' ' ' < my_file 

  echo $(cat my_file)  # not so useless use of cat!
  paste -s my_file

  while read line; do 
    joined="$joined $(echo $line)"
  done < my_file
  echo $joined

Lots of options, of course.  Even more with Perl. 


More information about the freebsd-questions mailing list