Shell scripting question - incrementing

Dominic Fandrey kamikaze at
Tue Feb 19 17:46:18 UTC 2008

Paul Schmehl wrote:
> I could do this in perl easily, but I'm trying to force myself to learn 
> shell scripting better.  :-)
> ...
> Once this file is created (or ideally *while* it's being created!) I 
> need to increment the sid numbers.  The first one is 2000001.  The 
> second needs to be 2000002, and so forth.   I don't know the total 
> number of lines ahead of time, but it's easy enough to get after the 
> file is created.  (wc -l file.rules | awk '{print $1}')
> Is there a way to do this in shell scripting?  In perl I'd use a for 
> loop and vars, but I'm not sure how to solve this problem in shell 
> scripting.

You can do simple integer arithmetics using expr.

You'll have to realize this in a while loop:

while [ $i -le $largest_i ]; do
     # insert code here
     i=`expr $i + 1`

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