About Freebsd 7.0 versus 6.3
rsmith at xs4all.nl
Thu Nov 8 11:54:45 PST 2007
On Thu, Nov 08, 2007 at 07:27:58PM +0000, Matthew Seaman wrote:
> > a. Make backups
> > b. Read /usr/src/UPDATING
> > 1. `cd /usr/src' (or to the directory containing your source tree).
> > 2. `make buildworld'
> > 3. `make buildkernel KERNCONF=YOUR_KERNEL_HERE' (default is GENERIC).
> > 4. `make installkernel KERNCONF=YOUR_KERNEL_HERE' (default is GENERIC).
> > [steps 3. & 4. can be combined by using the "kernel" target]
> > 5. `reboot' (in single user mode: boot -s from the loader prompt).
> > 6. `mergemaster -p'
> > 7. `make installworld'
> > 8. `make delete-old'
> > 9. `mergemaster'
> > 10. `reboot'
> > c. `pkg_delete -a' (delete all your ports)
> > 11. `make delete-old-libs' (in case no 3rd party program uses them anymore)
> > d. Reinstall all root and leaf ports. Dependencies will then be
> > installed automatically.
> I went through this process myself in pretty much the order you
> describe. Due to bitter experience, I'd say that reinstalling
> all ports should be done before 'make delete-old-libs' -- by
> killing all the old 6.x shlibs you make it hard to run most
> software previously installed under 6.x including such things as
> You don't need to delete all the ports in one go and then reinstall
> them in another: running 'portupgrade -fa' will do the job.
Port upgrade tools are not guaranteed to work perfectly in this
situation. I tried doing an update with portmanager and ended up with
some binaries linked against both libc.so.6 and libc.so.7! Some ports
didn't even compile.
That's why I would recommend doing a clean sweep when updating to
another major version.
> That can take several days to complete if you've got a machine with
> OpenOffice, Firefox, Thunderbird, Java, KDE, Gnome, X Windows
> etc. installed. If you're careful you can still keep various services
> running during that time, restarting them one by one as the various
> applications get upgraded.
It took me about a day and a night to reinstall everything (415 ports),
mostly un-attended. But then I don't use OpenOffice nor java and fvwm2
instead of Gnome/KDE.
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