DNS and mail servers behind a PF firewall?
j65nko at gmail.com
Mon Feb 26 20:52:44 UTC 2007
On 2/26/07, Jacques Beigbeder <Jacques.Beigbeder at ens.fr> wrote:
> My question is related to PF performances with large state tables.
> FreeBSD : 5.5
> hw.model: Intel(R) Xeon(TM) CPU 3.20GHz
> hw.physmem: 2138378240 = 2 Gb
> If I put a mail server
> 20 SMTP hits per second (thanks to spam...)
> 15 seconds per SMTP dialog
> 90 seconds for PF timeout tcp.close
> the state table will have:
> 20 * (90 + 15) * 2 ways = 5.000 entries
> Since any mail generates a few DNS queries (reverse DNS,
> + DSNRBL queries), the state table will also gets
> 2 ways * 60 seconds (timeout udp.multiple) * 5 (DNS queries) * 20 (connections)
> = 12.000 entries
> So I'll get around 20.000 entries, each of them have a short lifetime.
> . is such a number a performance problem?
> It seems strange to constantly add and delete entries for DNS
> requests in the state table?
> . or do I have to write rules to avoid all the (unnecessary??)
> entries? As far as I understand, beginning with
> pass in quick proto udp from a.b.c.d port 53 to any
> ... same for TCP/25 ...
> is the trick.
Yes, keeping state on DNS traffic is quite expensive ;) This is
mentioned in the series of 3 artilcles by the architect of pf, Daniel
Hartmeier, at undeadly.org
Try if just passing quick port 53 traffic without keeping state has a
measurable postive impact.
Or you could install a small not resource hungry caching nameserver
like Bernstein's dnscache, which will save a lot of DNS and RBL
Most of the time however, perl based virus scanning is the cause of
less than expected performance of a mail server.
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