natd not starting on boot-up

Panagiotis pnestora at
Wed Jun 7 11:32:11 UTC 2006

Roger Merritt wrote:

> I'm thoroughly puzzled. Over the weekend I transferred my FreeBSD 
> system to a new hard drive. Through laziness I didn't follow the 
> instructions and had to make a completely new install. Everything now 
> seems to be working the way it should, Apache, MySQL, PHP, syslog, 
> Samba -- except natd. Everything starts on boot-up as it should -- 
> except natd. I can start it manually from the command line after 
> booting up and logging in and it works fine, but I can't tell what's 
> going on that it's failing to start.
> My /etc/rc.conf contains the following:
> # This file now contains just the overrides from /etc/defaults/rc.conf.
> defaultrouter=""
> gateway_enable="YES"
> hostname=""
> ifconfig_ed0="inet netmask"
> ifconfig_ed1="inet  netmask"
> router_enable="YES"
> firewall_enable="YES"
> firewall_type="OPEN"
> firewall_quiet="YES"
> natd_enable="YES"
> natd_interface="ed1"
> ipv6_enable="YES"
> linux_enable="YES"
> moused_enable="YES"
> moused_port="/dev/sysmouse"
> moused_type="auto"
> screen="daemon"
> nfs_client_enable="YES"
> sshd_enable="YES"
> What can I do to get some indication of where the problem is?

Try to comment the line natd_enable="YES" and then add
a new line at the end of rc.conf:

/etc/rc.d/natd start

if this doesn't work, try to put 


in your rc.conf and plesase check your ipfw rule for nat
it should be something like this:

(with natd_flags="")
ipfw -q add divert natd all from any to any via your_public_interface

Good luck!!

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