freebsd-questions Digest, Vol 124, Issue 26
don at lizardhill.com
Mon Feb 20 11:57:11 PST 2006
Thanks for the response, this helps me a lot... My answers are inline:
>Date: Sun, 19 Feb 2006 09:47:08 -0500
>From: Chuck Swiger <cswiger at mac.com>
>Subject: Re: 3Ware Escalade Issues
>To: "Don O'Neil" <don at lizardhill.com>
>Cc: freebsd-questions at freebsd.org
>Message-ID: <43F884EC.70902 at mac.com>
>Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1
>Don O'Neil wrote:
>> There appears to be a bad sector on one of the drives according to
>> but nothing serious.
>What that may mean is that there have been many bad sectors, which have
>corrected using the spares, until no more spare sectors are left for
>That drive may well fail catastrophically, soon.
I figured as much, which is why I'm going to re-build the whole array with a
new drive, etc... Fortunatly I got all my data off ok without any issues.
>> However, every time the system tried to write to that sector in the
>> the system would freeze, and then reboot, and of course it would say the
>> file system isn't clean, etc...
>> Since the file system is 1 TB in size, it would take 8+ hours to FSCK it.
>> The array is only striped, and not mirrored or built with redunancy. I'm
>> basically using the card/driver to make one large volume for a web
>OK. Well, if this data is important to you, you should give consideration
>using a RAID-1, RAID-10, or RAID-5 configuration to gain redundancy.
Yes, and when I re-build it with will be RAID-5 rather than just RAID-0
>> I have a few questions:
>> 1) Is this a known bug? I'm running FreeBSD 4.11 (for software
.> issues at the moment, I will upgrade at some point in the future)
>Normally, the OS will only kill the affected processes using that sector,
>without knowing where it is, perhaps it's affecting some important file
>kernel itself, /bin/sh...?
Actually the only thing that was on the array was a DB, so I think the
failure may have been causing MySQL to go nuts, and cascading up.
>> 2) How can I trap the errors and eliminate the re-boot issue?
>Shut down the system. Replace the failing hard drive. Use dd to make an
>copy onto the new drive on some other system. and put the new drive back
>the array. Note that the replacement drive must be an exact match for this
>work, otherwise you will have to backup your data and rebuild the array.
>Speaking of which, do you have known-good backups available?
Of course I have backups!! Never work without them. I'm going to re-build
with RAID-5 this time.
>> 3) Is there some way I can do a faster FSCK, or perhaps 'fool' the system
>> into thinking the file system is clean?
>If you update to 5.x or later, you can use background FSCK rather than
>wait for the FSCK to complete the way it does under 4.x.
I wasn't aware 5.x could do this. My next question is how are my existing
apps going to be affected by upgrading to 5.x? I have some builds of
packages that were done by a company that is no longer in operation. I
haven't fully figured out how they built the software yet so I can't
re-build under 5.X yet. If I try to put the elf binaries and the other
builds from 4.X on 5.X are they going to run ok or do I just need to give it
a try? Would you suggest going all the way to 6.x or sticking with the 5.x
>> 4) Any suggestions on how to fix this?
>Also, if you update to 5.x, you can run the smartmon tools, which will let
>do a drive self-test using SMART, this will give much better information
>what is going on with the drive, and also give an estimate of its remaining
Yes, this would help a lot!!!
>How old are the drives, if you know?
They're less than 2 years old, and still under warranty. This is the second
drive to fail and it's driving me nuts.
They're Maxtor DiamondMax Plus 9 6Y250P0 250 GB PATA drives... Never had a
problem with that particular drive until this batch.
Can anyone suggest some good 250GB PATA drives for me to use? I might as
well swap them all out since I'm starting over. The 6000 series Escalade
card I'm using doesn't support anything more than 250 GB.
Thanks all again!!!
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