New work on installer?
m.seaman at infracaninophile.co.uk
Mon May 17 10:09:34 PDT 2004
On Mon, May 17, 2004 at 12:38:55PM +0000, slave-mike wrote:
> If one were to *not* use the installer to setup a FreeBSD system, (aka,
> like *old* dos, each step done manually), what are the manual steps
It's not something that I have at my finger-tips, as there's generally
no need to install without the installer... However, an outline of
the process would be something like this:
- Boot up system from removable media (CD-Rom, floppy disk),
or other external media (eg. Netboot (PXE)).
- Slice and partition disk space appropriately
- Install boot blocks or MBR if required
- Create file systems on the partitions that require them.
Temporarily mount the new file systems so that they can be
- Copy into place the kernel, kernel modules, the contents of the
system directories like /lib, /bin, /sbin. /usr/bin, /usr/sbin
This can be from a disk image or .tar file or similar on your
installation media, or from any other system accessible over the
- Edit the crucial configuration files (/etc/fstab, /etc/hosts,
/etc/resolv.conf, /etc/rc.conf, ...) with appropriate data for
- Set a root password and possibly add other user accounts as
I think that covers everything necessary. Of course, actually
carrying out all of these steps manually is another matter. You will
have to make copious notes as you go along, as very often a later
stage will require data (partition sizes, device names etc.) generated
in an earlier one.
This should give you a basic system installation, up and running in
multiuser mode. If you want to create a vinum root partition or use
various non-standard hardware or install via a serial console, you'll
have to modify things somewhat, but the whole process should be quite
Beyond this, there is still a huge amount of stuff to do: configuring
extra servers, creating user accounts, installing 3rd party software
(perl, X Windows, cvsup, portupgrade etc.), getting hold of the latest
ports and system sources for whatever branches you choose to use,
building and installing an up-to-date system or using FreeBSD Update
to achieve the same thing, building a customized kernel, security
lockdown, testing, etc., etc.
Dr Matthew J Seaman MA, D.Phil. 26 The Paddocks
PGP: http://www.infracaninophile.co.uk/pgpkey Marlow
Tel: +44 1628 476614 Bucks., SL7 1TH UK
-------------- next part --------------
A non-text attachment was scrubbed...
Name: not available
Size: 187 bytes
Desc: not available
Url : http://lists.freebsd.org/pipermail/freebsd-questions/attachments/20040517/f2e72980/attachment.bin
More information about the freebsd-questions