Jack L. Stone jackstone at sage-one.net
Mon Mar 31 05:46:34 PST 2003

At 10:00 PM 3.30.2003 -0500, taxman wrote:
>On Sunday 30 March 2003 07:57 pm, Grant Peel wrote:
>> Hi all,
>> I am about to make the trip to shutdown one of our servers and 'dd' the
>> first SCSI drive to the second.
>> from what I have read, and what some of you have kindly offered, I just
>> kick into single user mode, with only root mounted on the primary drive,
>ro, I assume
>> and away we go...
>> dd if=/dev/da0 of=/dev/da1 bs=1m
>That'll copy the data, but you'll want to prep the disk.  I've seen 
>recommendations something along the lines of: read data off the whole new 
>disk first  dd if=/dev/da1 of=/dev/null  then write the data you want on it, 
>then read it off to /dev/null again.
>Something to the effect of populating the drives on disk bad sector
>There may be more burn in recommended, but I couldn't find anything in the 
>> One last question, the second drive is identical to the first, but should
>> it be right out odf the box condition, formatted, fdisk'ed partiitioned or
>> does any of that matter since it will be copies bit for bit?
>None of that matters for the reason you noted.
>> TIA!

You'll just need to FDisk and label the new HD so the system knows its
there. Then, your command for 'dd' is fine, except perhaps the choice of
the bs=1m which can influence the time it takes to do the dd considerably.
In my experimenting (but only with IDE), I found low settings (like
bs=8192) to take 4 times as long as bs=102400. When I exceeded the 102400,
the time increased again. If this is a 1-shot thing, this may not be
important to you, but I believe it has to do with I/O ability & you can
check it first. Here is my I/O test check for an IDE:

#iostat ad0 1
        tty             ad0             cpu
   tin tout  KB/t tps  MB/s  us ni sy in id
     0    3  5.19   7  0.03  11  0  4  1 84
     0  126 127.36 183 22.74   0  0  6  2 92
     0   44 128.00 190 23.76   0  0  2  0 98
     0   44 128.00 191 23.89   0  0  5  0 95
     0   44 128.00 191 23.88   0  0  7  1 92

Best regards,
Jack L. Stone,

SageOne Net
jackstone at sage-one.net

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