permission in apache

Joshua Oreman oremanj at
Sun Aug 17 10:01:13 PDT 2003

On Sun, Aug 17, 2003 at 03:10:41PM +0100 or thereabouts, Jez Hancock wrote:
> On Sun, Aug 17, 2003 at 05:29:11AM -0700, Mike Maltese wrote:
> > This shouldn't have anything to do with UNIX permissions. You'll get this
> > error (403) if there is no document by the name specified in the
> > DirectoryIndex directive (defualt is index.html) and the directory does not
> > have the Indexes option (display directory contents). So either create
> > index.html in that directory, or add Indexes to the Options for that
> > directory to view the list of files. These options can be set on a per-vhost
> > basis.
> A 403 error would occur if a DirectoryIndex file exists (index.html say)
> and permissions on that file in the DocumentRoot were such that it can't
> be accessed by the apache user.
> Further it could be the case that permissions on the file itself, say
> /usr/local/www/vhost/index.html, were 755 but still the error occurs.
> Usually this is because the permissions on a parent directory somewhere
> up the directory tree are set so that the apache user can't read files
> under that directory structure.  For example /usr/local/www might be set
> to 750 and owned 'root:wheel' - so the 'other' group (which the apache
> user falls into) cannot read files under that directory tree.
> In summary make sure the EUID user apache is running as has access to
> the DocumentRoot directory as well as the files it needs to access of
> course.
> FWIW you can check if the apache user has perms to read somefile.txt by doing:
> echo "ls -al somefile.txt" | su -fm www

Won't work.
% id -u
% ls /etc/master.passwd
% less /etc/master.passwd
/etc/master.passwd: Permission denied

You need to actually read the file - something like `dd if=somefile.txt of=/dev/null'
should work.

-- Josh

> as root.
> -- 
> Jez
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