Bind 9 running in sandbox

dusk at dusk at
Mon Apr 7 07:12:21 PDT 2003

        I have setup my named "bind 9" to run in a sandbox. I followed the
instructions in the FreeBSD handbook. I had the FreeBSd handbook pulled up
online. I followed the inststruction step by step. I had no problems or
glitches during the process. After making the changes named fails to
start. It is unable to find the configuration files. One example is the
"named.root" file. I added the full path in the config and it found the
file. The example is below.

zone "." {
        type hint;
        file "/etc/namedb/master/named.root";

Named will run now but it still can not find the other files it needs to
work. I tried changing the paths in the config file to full path along
with other changes. But nothing seems to work. I have a snap of the log
below along with named.conf.

===============log snap===================
Apr  3 22:19:59 frank named[5082]: starting BIND 9.2.2
Apr  3 22:19:59 frank named[5082]: /usr/local/etc/named.conf:10: couldn't
find k
ey 'rndc-key' for use with command channel
Apr  3 22:19:59 frank named[5082]: command channel listening on
Apr  3 22:19:59 frank named[5082]: zone loading
file master/localhost.rev: file not found
Apr  3 22:19:59 frank named[5082]: zone localhost/IN: loading master file
/named.localhost: file not found

The rndc-key is in /etc/named and it did work prior to building the

// $FreeBSD: src/etc/namedb/named.conf,v 2001/05/28 13:47:00
sheldonh Ex
p $
// Refer to the named(8) man page for details.  If you are ever going
// to setup a primary server, make sure you've understood the hairy
// details of how DNS is working.  Even with simple mistakes, you can
// break connectivity for affected parties, or cause huge amount of
// useless Internet traffic.

controls {
      inet port 953
              allow {; } keys { "rndc-key"; };

key {
        algorithm hmac-md5;
        secret "abc123ABC123AbC123aBc123==";
options {
        directory "/";
        //named-xfer "/bin/named-xfer";
        allow-transfer { key; };
        query-source address * port 53;
        version "DNS on";

zone "localhost" IN {
            type master;
            file "master/named.localhost";
            allow-transfer { localhost; };
            notify no;

zone "" IN {
            type master;
            file "master/localhost.rev";
            allow-transfer { localhost; };
            notify no;

zone "." {
        type hint;
        file "/etc/namedb/master/named.root";

=======below this is example zone entries==============

As you can see bind 9 installed in "/usr/local/sbin". Bind 8 was installed
in "/usr/sbin". I moved the bind 8 executable to a different file name and
made a link from "/usr/sbin" to the named executable in
"/usr/local/sbin". I also made a link from "/etc/named/etc/named.conf" to
a named.conf in "/usr/local/etc" because bind 9 was looking for the config
file there.

With the exception of the two sym links everything is setup as the
handbook instructed. Anybody out there have any ideas?

	dusk at
	dusk at

	"And so, it begins" - Kosh

More information about the freebsd-questions mailing list