Bad performance when accessing a lot of small files
biancalana at gmail.com
Fri Dec 21 15:55:25 PST 2007
On 12/21/07, Alfred Perlstein <alfred at freebsd.org> wrote:
> * Alexandre Biancalana <biancalana at gmail.com> [071221 12:48] wrote:
> > On 12/21/07, Alfred Perlstein <alfred at freebsd.org> wrote:
> > Hi Alfred !
> > >
> > > There is a lot of very good tuning advice in this thread, however
> > > one thing to note is that having ~1 million files in a directory
> > > is not a very good thing to do on just about any filesystem.
> > I think I was not clear, I will try explain better.
> > This Backup Server has a /backup zfs filesystem of 4TB.
> > Each host that do backups to this server has a /backup/<hostname> and
> > /backup/<hostname>/YYYYMMDD zfs filesystems, the last contains the
> > backups for some day of that server.
> > My problem is with some hosts that have in your directory structure a
> > lot of small files, independent of the hierarchy.
> Can you not tar these files together?
This is what I'm trying to do....
> > > One trick that a lot of people do is hashing the directories themselves
> > > so that you use some kind of computation to break this huge dir into
> > > multiple smaller dirs.
> > I have the two cases, when you have a lot of files inside on directory
> > without any directory organization/distribution but I also have
> > problems with hosts that have files organized in a hierarchy like
> > YYYY/MM/DD/<files> having no more that 200 files in the day directory
> > level, but almost one million of files in total.
> > Just for info, I made the previous suggested tuning (raise dirhash,
> > maxvnodes) but this improve nothing.
> > Thanks for your hint!
> What application are you scanning these files with? I know I had
> issues with rsync in particular where I had to have it rsync
> smaller pieces of a collection for it to work nicely instead of
> going for the whole heirarchy.
I run tar in the /backup/<hostname>/YYYYMMDD writing to LTO3 tape
drive, the problem is that when origin directory contains a lot of
small files the process is *much* more slow.... this is my question
since the thread start.
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