[rfc] 64-bit inode numbers

John Baldwin jhb at freebsd.org
Sat Jun 25 11:58:28 UTC 2011

On Friday, June 24, 2011 11:38:35 pm Benjamin Kaduk wrote:
> > point. fts(3) and friends will assume that it is a mount point
> > crossing when st_dev changes. It will then expect that the funny
> > rule that the d_ino in dirent will not be the same as st_ino.
> > 
> > What I do for NFSv4 is sythesize  the mnt_stat.f_fsid value and
> > return that as st_dev for the mounted volume until I see the fsid
> > returned by the server change. Below that point, I return the fsid
> > from the server as st_dev so long as it isn't the same as the
> I think I'm confused.  You're ... walking a directory heirarchy, and
> return a fake st_dev value but hold onto the fsid value from the server,
> then when the fsid from the server changes (due to a ... different NFS
> mount?), start reporting that new fsid and throw away the fake st_dev
> value?  Can you point me at the code that is doing this?

I think he's saying that VOP_GETATTR() for different vnodes in a single NFSv4
"mount" (as in 'struct mount *') can return different st_dev values to 
userland where the st_dev value for a given vnode depends on the remote
fsid of the file on the NFSv4 server.  That is, for NFSv4 it seems that all 
files on a mount do not use the same value of st_dev (as they would for a 
local filesystem), but instead only files from the logical volume on the 
server share an st_dev.  That is, st_dev is per-vnode rather than just copied 
from the mount.  This is done by storing va_fsid in the NFS attribute cache 
for each vnode:

nfscl_loadattrcache(struct vnode **vpp, struct nfsvattr *nap, void *nvaper,
    void *stuff, int writeattr, int dontshrink)
	 * For NFSv4, if the node's fsid is not equal to the mount point's
	 * fsid, return the low order 32bits of the node's fsid. This
	 * allows getcwd(3) to work. There is a chance that the fsid might
	 * be the same as a local fs, but since this is in an NFS mount
	 * point, I don't think that will cause any problems?
	    (nmp->nm_fsid[0] != np->n_vattr.na_filesid[0] ||
	     nmp->nm_fsid[1] != np->n_vattr.na_filesid[1])) {
		 * va_fsid needs to be set to some value derived from
		 * np->n_vattr.na_filesid that is not equal
		 * vp->v_mount->mnt_stat.f_fsid[0], so that it changes
		 * from the value used for the top level server volume
		 * in the mounted subtree.
		if (vp->v_mount->mnt_stat.f_fsid.val[0] !=
			vap->va_fsid = (uint32_t)np->n_vattr.na_filesid[0];
			vap->va_fsid = (uint32_t)hash32_buf(
			    np->n_vattr.na_filesid, 2 * sizeof(uint64_t), 0);
	} else
		vap->va_fsid = vp->v_mount->mnt_stat.f_fsid.val[0];

Then for VOP_GETATTR() it returns the va_fsid from the attribute cache
saved in 'vap' as the vnode's va_fsid which is used to compute st_dev in 

I think the effect here is that 'mount' still only shows a single mountpoint
for NFSv4, but applications that check for 'st_dev' changing to see if they
are crossing a mountpoint (e.g. find -x) will treat the volumes as different

John Baldwin

More information about the freebsd-fs mailing list