docs/155982: [patch] remove reference to floppy installations

Eitan Adler lists at
Mon Mar 28 04:20:12 UTC 2011

>Number:         155982
>Category:       docs
>Synopsis:       [patch] remove reference to floppy installations
>Confidential:   no
>Severity:       non-critical
>Priority:       low
>Responsible:    freebsd-doc
>State:          open
>Class:          change-request
>Submitter-Id:   current-users
>Arrival-Date:   Mon Mar 28 04:20:11 UTC 2011
>Originator:     Eitan Adler


Index: install/chapter.sgml
RCS file: /home/ncvs/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/install/chapter.sgml,v
retrieving revision 1.420
diff -u -r1.420 chapter.sgml
--- install/chapter.sgml        22 Feb 2011 20:57:42 -0000      1.420
+++ install/chapter.sgml        22 Mar 2011 07:06:40 -0000
@@ -94,9 +94,8 @@
       &os; version and the hardware architecture.</para>

      <para>A summary of this information is given in the following sections.
-       Depending on the method you choose to install &os;, you may
-       also need a floppy drive, a supported CDROM drive, and in some
-       case a network adapter.  This will be covered by the <xref
+       Depending on the method you choose to install &os;, a CDROM drive,
+       and in some cases a network adapter.  This will be covered by the <xref

@@ -543,9 +542,6 @@
         <para>A SCSI or QIC tape</para>

-       <listitem>
-         <para>Floppy disks</para>
-       </listitem>

@@ -582,10 +578,8 @@
      <para>The FreeBSD installation process is started by booting your
       computer into the FreeBSD installer—it is not a program you run
       within another operating system.  Your computer normally boots using
-       the operating system installed on your hard disk, but it can also be
-       configured to use a <quote>bootable</quote> floppy disk.
-       Most modern computers can also
-       boot from a CDROM in the CDROM drive or from a USB disk.</para>
+       the operating system installed on your hard disk, but can be
+       booted from a CDROM in the CDROM drive or from a USB disk.</para>

       <para>If you have FreeBSD on CDROM or DVD (either one you purchased
@@ -700,124 +694,6 @@
-      <para>To create boot floppy images, follow these steps:</para>
-      <procedure>
-       <step>
-         <title>Acquire the Boot Floppy Images</title>
-         <important>
-           <para>Please note, as of &os; 8.0, floppy disk images are
-             no longer available.  Please see above for instructions
-             on how to install &os; using a USB memory stick or just
-             use a CDROM or a DVD.</para>
-         </important>
-         <para>The boot disks are available on your installation media
-           in the <filename>floppies/</filename> directory, and
-           can also be downloaded from the floppies directory,
-           Replace <replaceable>arch</replaceable> and
-           <replaceable>version</replaceable>
-           with the architecture and the version number
-           which you want to install, respectively.
-           For example, the boot floppy images for
-           &os;/&arch.i386; &rel2.current;-RELEASE are available
-           from <ulink
-         <para>The floppy images have a <filename>.flp</filename> extension.
-           The <filename>floppies/</filename> directory contains a number of
-           different images, and the ones you will need to use depends on the
-           version of FreeBSD you are installing, and in some cases, the
-           hardware you are installing to.
-           In most cases you will need four
-           floppies, <filename>boot.flp</filename>,
-           <filename>kern1.flp</filename>,
-           <filename>kern2.flp</filename>, and
-           <filename>kern3.flp</filename>.  Check
-           <filename>README.TXT</filename> in the same directory for the
-           most up to date information about these floppy images.</para>
-         <important>
-           <para>Your FTP program must use <emphasis>binary mode</emphasis>
-             to download these disk images.  Some web browsers have been
-             known to use <emphasis>text</emphasis> (or
-             <emphasis>ASCII</emphasis>) mode, which will be apparent if you
-             cannot boot from the disks.</para>
-         </important>
-       </step>
-       <step>
-         <title>Prepare the Floppy Disks</title>
-         <para>You must prepare one floppy disk per image file you had to
-           download.  It is imperative that these disks are free from
-           defects.  The easiest way to test this is to format the disks
-           for yourself.  Do not trust pre-formatted floppies.  The format
-           utility in &windows; will not tell about the presence of
-           bad blocks, it simply marks them as <quote>bad</quote>
-           and ignores them.  It is advised that you use brand new
-           floppies if choosing this installation route.</para>
-         <important>
-           <para>If you try to install FreeBSD and the installation
-             program crashes, freezes, or otherwise misbehaves, one of
-             the first things to suspect is the floppies.  Try writing
-             the floppy image files to new disks and try
-             again.</para>
-         </important>
-       </step>
-       <step>
-         <title>Write the Image Files to the Floppy Disks</title>
-         <para>The <filename>.flp</filename> files are
-           <emphasis>not</emphasis> regular files you copy to the disk.
-           They are images of the complete contents of the
-           disk.  This means that you <emphasis>cannot</emphasis> simply
-           copy files from one disk to another.
-           Instead, you must use specific tools to write the
-           images directly to the disk.</para>
-         <indexterm><primary>DOS</primary></indexterm>
-         <para>If you are creating the floppies on a computer running
-      &ms-dos;/&windows;, then we provide a tool to do
-      this called <command>fdimage</command>.</para>
-         <para>If you are using the floppies from the CDROM, and your
-           CDROM is the <devicename>E:</devicename> drive, then you would
-           run this:</para>
-         <screen><prompt>E:\></prompt> <userinput>tools\fdimage
floppies\boot.flp A:</userinput></screen>
-         <para>Repeat this command for each <filename>.flp</filename>
-           file, replacing the floppy disk each time, being sure to label
-           the disks with the name of the file that you copied to them.
-           Adjust the command line as necessary, depending on where you have
-           placed the <filename>.flp</filename> files.  If you do not have
-           the CDROM, then <command>fdimage</command> can be downloaded from
-           the <ulink
-           url=""><filename
-           directory</ulink> on the FreeBSD FTP site.</para>
-         <para>If you are writing the floppies on a &unix; system (such as
-           another FreeBSD system) you can use the &man.dd.1; command to
-           write the image files directly to disk.  On FreeBSD, you would
-           run:</para>
-         <screen>&prompt.root; <userinput>dd if=boot.flp
-         <para>On FreeBSD, <filename>/dev/fd0</filename> refers to the
-           first floppy disk (the <devicename>A:</devicename> drive).
-           <filename>/dev/fd1</filename> would be the
-           <devicename>B:</devicename> drive, and so on.  Other &unix;
-           variants might have different names for the floppy disk
-           devices, and you will need to check the documentation for the
-           system as necessary.</para>
-       </step>
-      </procedure>
-      <para>You are now ready to start installing FreeBSD.</para>

@@ -871,12 +747,11 @@
         <para>Find the setting that controls which devices the system boots
           from.  This is usually labeled as the <quote>Boot Order</quote>
            and commonly shown as a list of devices, such as
-           <literal>Floppy</literal>, <literal>CDROM</literal>,
-           <literal>First Hard Disk</literal>, and so on.</para>
+          <literal>CDROM</literal>, <literal>First Hard Disk</literal>,
+          and so on.</para>

         <para>If you are booting from the CDROM then make sure that
-           the CDROM is selected.  If you are booting from a USB disk or
-           a floppy disk then
+           the CDROM is selected.  If you are booting from a USB disk
           make sure that is selected instead.  In case of doubt, you
           should consult the manual that came with your computer, and/or its
@@ -894,15 +769,6 @@
           the computer, and insert the CDROM at the first

-         <note>
-           <para>For &os; 7.3 and previous versions, installation
-             boot floppies are available and can be prepared as
-             described in <xref linkend="install-boot-media">.  One of
-             them will be the first boot disc:
-             <filename>boot.flp</filename>.  Put this disc in your
-             floppy drive and boot the computer.</para>
-         </note>
         <para>If your computer starts up as normal and loads your existing
           operating system, then either:</para>

@@ -951,34 +817,10 @@
 /boot/kernel/kernel text=0x64daa0 data=0xa4e80+0xa9e40

-         <para>If you are booting from floppy disc, you will see a display
-           similar to this (version information omitted):</para>
-         <screen>Booting from Floppy...
-Uncompressing ... done
-BTX loader 1.00  BTX version is 1.01
-Console: internal video/keyboard
-BIOS drive A: is disk0
-BIOS drive C: is disk1
-BIOS 639kB/261120kB available memory
-FreeBSD/i386 bootstrap loader, Revision 1.1
-Loading /boot/defaults/loader.conf
-/kernel text=0x277391 data=0x3268c+0x332a8 |
-Insert disk labelled "Kernel floppy 1" and press any key...</screen>
-         <para>Follow these instructions by removing the
-           <filename>boot.flp</filename> disc, insert the
-           <filename>kern1.flp</filename> disc, and press
-           <keycap>Enter</keycap>.  Boot from first floppy;
-           when prompted, insert the other disks as required.</para>

-         <para>Whether you booted from CDROM, USB stick or floppy, the
+         <para>Whether you booted from CDROM or a USB stick, the
           boot process will then get to the &os; boot loader

@@ -4076,8 +3918,7 @@
           <para>My system hangs while probing hardware during boot,
-             or it behaves strangely during install, or the floppy
-             drive is not probed.</para>
+             or it behaves strangely during install</para>
           <para>&os; makes extensive use of the system
@@ -4696,7 +4537,7 @@
       the install.</para>

-       <para>If the boot media (floppy disks, usually) for your FTP
+       <para>If the boot media for your FTP
         clients is not precisely the same version as that provided
         by the local FTP site, then <application>sysinstall</application>
will not let you
         complete the installation.  If the versions are not similar and
@@ -4715,72 +4556,6 @@

-      <sect2>
-        <title>Creating Installation Floppies</title>
-      <indexterm>
-       <primary>installation</primary>
-       <secondary>floppies</secondary>
-      </indexterm>
-      <para>If you must install from floppy disk (which we suggest you
-       do <emphasis>not</emphasis> do), either due to unsupported
-       hardware or simply because you insist on doing things the hard
-       way, you must first prepare some floppies for the installation.</para>
-       <para>At a minimum, you will need as many 1.44 MB floppies
-         as it takes to hold all the files in the
-         <filename>base</filename> (base distribution) directory.  If
-         you are preparing the floppies from DOS, then they
-         <emphasis>must</emphasis> be formatted using the &ms-dos;
-         <command>FORMAT</command> command.  If you are using &windows;,
-         use Explorer to format the disks (right-click on the
-         <devicename>A:</devicename> drive, and select <quote>Format</quote>).</para>
-       <para>Do <emphasis>not</emphasis> trust factory pre-formatted
-         floppies.  Format them again yourself, just to be sure.  Many
-         problems reported by our users in the past have resulted from
-         the use of improperly formatted media, which is why we are
-         making a point of it now.</para>
-       <para>If you are creating the floppies on another FreeBSD machine,
-         a format is still not a bad idea, though you do not need to put
-         a DOS filesystem on each floppy.  You can use the
-         <command>bsdlabel</command> and <command>newfs</command>
-         commands to put a UFS filesystem on them instead, as the
-         following sequence of commands (for a 3.5" 1.44 MB floppy)
-         illustrates:</para>
-       <screen>&prompt.root; <userinput>fdformat -f 1440 fd0.1440</userinput>
-&prompt.root; <userinput>bsdlabel -w fd0.1440 floppy3</userinput>
-&prompt.root; <userinput>newfs -t 2 -u 18 -l 1 -i 65536
-       <para>Then you can mount and write to them like any other
-         filesystem.</para>
-       <para>After you have formatted the floppies, you will need to copy
-         the files to them.  The distribution files are split into chunks
-         conveniently sized so that five of them will fit on a conventional
-         1.44 MB floppy.  Go through all your floppies, packing as many
-         files as will fit on each one, until you have all of the
-         distributions you want packed up in this fashion.  Each
-         distribution should go into a subdirectory on the floppy, e.g.:
-         <filename>a:\base\base.aa</filename>,
-         <filename>a:\base\base.ab</filename>, and so on.</para>
-       <important>
-         <para>The <filename>base.inf</filename> file also needs to go on the
-           first floppy of the <filename>base</filename> set since it is read
-           by the installation program in order to figure out how many
-           additional pieces to look for when fetching and concatenating the
-           distribution.</para>
-       </important>
-       <para>Once you come to the Media screen during the install
-         process, select <guimenuitem>Floppy</guimenuitem> and you
-         will be prompted for the rest.</para>
-      </sect2>
      <sect2 id="install-msdos">
        <title>Installing from an &ms-dos; Partition</title>

@@ -4844,12 +4619,6 @@
         Due to the non-random access nature of tapes, this method of
         installation requires quite a bit of temporary storage.</para>

-       <note>
-         <para>When starting the installation, the tape must be in the
-           drive <emphasis>before</emphasis> booting from the boot
-           floppy.  The installation probe may otherwise fail to find
-           it.</para>
-       </note>



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