fsid change of ZFS?

Rick Macklem rmacklem at uoguelph.ca
Fri Aug 19 14:42:28 UTC 2011

Hiroki Sato wrote:
> Hiroki Sato <hrs at freebsd.org> wrote
> in <20110819.002046.908756241495481148.hrs at allbsd.org>:
> hr> Hi,
> hr>
> hr> I have experienced "Stale NFS file handle" issue when switching
> hr> between oldnfs and newnfs on a CURRENT box (NFS server exporting
> hr> mountpoints). The cause was that fsid was changed in the following
> hr> conditions and not in the NFS subsystem itself, but I am wondering
> if
> hr> these are expected behavior...
> hr>
> hr> First, I tried the following configurations of NFS and ZFS, and
> saw
> hr> if fsid of the same mountpoint (a mounted ZFS dataset) changed or
> hr> not by using statfs(2):
> hr>
> hr> compile opts kld module fsid[0:1] kld loaded by
> hr>
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> hr> NFSSERVER+NFSCLIENT zfs 865798fa:8346ef02 loader
> hr>
> hr> NFSSERVER+NFSCLIENT zfs 865798fa:8346ef07 kldload(8)
> hr>
> hr> NFSD+NFSCL zfs 865798fa:8346ef03 loader
> hr>
> hr> NFSD+NFSCL zfs 865798fa:8346ef08 kldload(8)
> hr>
> hr> NFSSERVER+NFSCLIENT nfsd+nfscl+zfs 865798fa:8346ef08 loader
> hr>
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> Ah, I found why this happened:
> /*
> * The fsid is 64 bits, composed of an 8-bit fs type, which
> * separates our fsid from any other filesystem types, and a
> * 56-bit objset unique ID. The objset unique ID is unique to
> * all objsets open on this system, provided by unique_create().
> * The 8-bit fs type must be put in the low bits of fsid[1]
> * because that's where other Solaris filesystems put it.
> */
> fsid_guid = dmu_objset_fsid_guid(zfsvfs->z_os);
> ASSERT((fsid_guid & ~((1ULL<<56)-1)) == 0);
> vfsp->vfs_fsid.val[0] = fsid_guid;
> vfsp->vfs_fsid.val[1] = ((fsid_guid>>32) << 8) |
> vfsp->mnt_vfc->vfc_typenum & 0xFF;
> Since the vfc_typenum variable is incremented every time a new vfs is
> installed, loading order of modules that call vfs_register() affects
> ZFS's fsid.
> Anyway, possibility of fsid change is troublesome especially for an
> NFS server with a lot of clients running. Can zeroing or setting a
> fixed value to the lowest 8-bit of vfs_fsid.val[1] be harmful?
> -- Hiroki
Oh, and I think other fs types will suffer the same fate, except that
they usually avoid it, because they are compiled into the kernel and
the assignment of vfs_typenum happens in the same order-->same value.

My (B) suggestion would avoid this for all file system types in the
fixed table.


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