bin/134694: gives false-positive when unable to obtain socket [WAS: sshd(8) - alert user when fails to execute from rc.d]

Glen Barber glen.j.barber at
Wed May 20 15:10:03 UTC 2009

The following reply was made to PR bin/134694; it has been noted by GNATS.

From: Glen Barber <glen.j.barber at>
To: rea-fbsd at
Cc: hackers at, bug-followup at
Subject: Re: bin/134694: gives false-positive when unable to obtain socket 
	[WAS: sshd(8) - alert user when fails to execute from rc.d]
Date: Wed, 20 May 2009 10:38:18 -0400

 Hi, Eygene
 On Wed, May 20, 2009 at 6:19 AM, Eygene Ryabinkin <rea-fbsd at> wr=
 > Glen, good day.
 > Mon, May 18, 2009 at 10:49:52PM -0400, Glen Barber wrote:
 >> Earlier this evening, I submitted a PR about sshd(8) giving a
 >> false-positive when starting on an already occupied socket[1]. =A0I
 >> would like to enable some form of console output when the rc.d script
 >> is called if the service cannot properly bind to the socket, but I
 >> want to make sure I do it "the right way."
 > Reading through the PR, I can't figure out what do you mean.
 > You're saying that
 > =A01. you spawn the other service on a port N;
 > =A02. then you're spawning SSH on the same port via rc.d script;
 > =A03. after this '/etc/rc.d/sshd status' gives you 'sshd is not running'.
 > But this is completely right: after step 2 there will be no SSH daemon
 > listening, because it fails to bind to the port. =A0And the 'status'
 > command of an rc.d script is perfectly correct -- no SSH daemon is
 > running, really.
 That is correct.  There is no daemon running, but there is no output
 on the console that starting sshd failed -- it is only listed in
 messages.  (And if you don't know it failed, you may never look in
 messages to realize this.)
 >> I was digging through src/crypto/openssh/sshd.c hoping to submit a
 >> patch to enable this, but I'm not certain that is the right place to
 >> be looking. =A0After digging through erc/etc/rc.d/sshd, I am failing to
 >> understand how the service would check the listening port, so now I
 >> feel like I am hitting a wall.
 > You seem to mix two things: binding to the port and the output from rc.d
 > 'status' command. =A0Binding to the port is done by SSH by the bind(2)
 > system call and if something is already listening on the given address,
 > the socket won't be bound, so SSH daemon terminates.
 > 'status' (for the case of /etc/rc.d/sshd) deduces the status of the
 > service from it's pid file (variable pidfile) with the subroutine
 > check_pidfile. =A0Look at /etc/rc.subr: 'status' is handled via
 > "run_rc_command status" that evaluates _pidcmd that sets $rc_pid. =A0And
 > then $rc_pid it checked for being non-empty, and if emptiness found,
 > command
 > -----
 > =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0echo "${na=
 me} is not running."
 > -----
 > is executed. =A0It produces the result you're seeing.
 > So, I would say that the PR in question is somewhat false positive.
 > --
 > Eygene
 > =A0_ =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0___ =A0 =A0 =A0 _.--. =A0 #
 > =A0\`.|\..----...-'` =A0 `-._.-'_.-'` =A0 # =A0Remember that it is hard
 > =A0/ =A0' ` =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 , =A0 =A0 =A0 __.--' =A0 =A0 =A0# =A0to read =
 the on-line manual
 > =A0)/' _/ =A0 =A0 \ =A0 `-_, =A0 / =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0# =A0while sing=
 le-stepping the kernel.
 > =A0`-'" `"\_ =A0,_.-;_.-\_ ', =A0fsc/as =A0 #
 > =A0 =A0 _.-'_./ =A0 {_.' =A0 ; / =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 # =A0 =A0-- FreeBSD =
 Developers handbook
 > =A0 =A0{_.-``-' =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 {_/ =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0 =A0#
 Glen Barber

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