[FreeBSD-Announce] FreeBSD Errata Notice FreeBSD-EN-15:08.sendmail

FreeBSD Errata Notices errata-notices at freebsd.org
Tue Jun 30 23:43:55 UTC 2015

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FreeBSD-EN-15:08.sendmail                                       Errata Notice
                                                          The FreeBSD Project

Topic:          sendmail TLS/DH Interoperability Improvement

Category:       contrib
Module:         sendmail
Announced:      2015-06-18; Last revised on 2015-06-30.
Credits:        Frank Seltzer, Gregory Shapiro
Affects:        All supported versions of FreeBSD.
Corrected:      2015-06-25 01:49:44 UTC (stable/10, 10.1-STABLE)
                2015-06-30 23:21:37 UTC (releng/10.1, 10.1-RELEASE-p14)
                2015-06-25 01:53:45 UTC (stable/9, 9.3-STABLE)
                2015-06-30 23:21:48 UTC (releng/9.3, 9.3-RELEASE-p18)
                2015-06-25 01:56:36 UTC (stable/8, 8.4-STABLE)
                2015-06-30 23:21:59 UTC (releng/8.4, 8.4-RELEASE-p32)

For general information regarding FreeBSD Errata Notices and Security
Advisories, including descriptions of the fields above, security
branches, and the following sections, please visit

0.   Revision history

v1.0  2015-06-18 Initial release.
v1.1  2015-06-30 Revised patch for non-existent DH parameter file.

I.   Background

Sendmail supports STARTTLS encrypted connections using DHE_EXPORT
ciphers.  As part of that support, by default, Sendmail employs 1024-bit
DH parameters for server connections but 512-bit DH parameters if
configured to use a DH parameter file that does not exist.

II.  Problem Description

In response to CVE-2015-4000 ("Logjam TLS vulnerability"), OpenSSL and
other encryption packages have begun rejecting 512-bit and lower DH
parameters during negotiation, thereby reducing interoperability.

III. Impact

In its default FreeBSD configuration, client connections from Sendmail
to other SMTP servers will not be able to negotiate a STARTTLS encrypted
session with SMTP servers that reject 512-bit DH parameters.  This may
cause mail deliverability issues for outbound mail.

IV.  Workaround

Systems that do not use Sendmail are not affected.

To work around this interoperability, Sendmail can be configured to use
a 1024 or 2048 bit DH parameter using these steps:

        1. Edit /etc/mail/`hostname`.mc
        2. If a setting for confDH_PARAMETERS does not exist or
           exists and is set to a string beginning with '5',
           replace it with '1' for 1024-bit or '2' for 2048-bit.
        3. If a setting for confDH_PARAMETERS exists and is set to
           a file path, create a new file with:
                openssl dhparam -out /path/to/file 2048
           for 2048-bit or:
                openssl dhparam -out /path/to/file 1024
           for 1024-bit.

        4. Rebuild the .cf file:
                 cd /etc/mail/; make; make install
        5. Restart sendmail:
                 cd /etc/mail/; make restart

V.   Solution

A change to the raise the default for Sendmail connections to use
1024-bit DH parameters if the configured DH parameters file does not
exist has been committed.

Perform one of the following:

1) Upgrade your system to a supported FreeBSD stable or release / security
branch (releng) dated after the correction date.

2) To update your present system via a binary patch:

Systems running a RELEASE version of FreeBSD on the i386 or amd64
platforms can be updated via the freebsd-update(8) utility:

# freebsd-update fetch
# freebsd-update install

3) To update your present system via a source code patch:

The following patches have been verified to apply to the applicable
FreeBSD release branches.

a) Download the relevant patch from the location below, and verify the
detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.

# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/EN-15:08/sendmail.patch
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/EN-15:08/sendmail.patch.asc
# gpg --verify sendmail.patch.asc

# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/EN-15:08/sendmail-01.patch
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/EN-15:08/sendmail-01.patch.asc
# gpg --verify sendmail.patch.asc

b) Apply the patch.  Execute the following commands as root:

# cd /usr/src
# patch < /path/to/patch

c) Recompile the operating system using buildworld and installworld as
described in <URL:https://www.FreeBSD.org/handbook/makeworld.html>.

Restart the Sendmail daemon(s), or reboot the system.

VI.  Correction details

The following list contains the correction revision numbers for each
affected branch.

Branch/path                                                      Revision
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------
stable/8/                                                         r284790
releng/8.4/                                                       r284987
stable/9/                                                         r284788
releng/9.3/                                                       r284986
stable/10/                                                        r284786
releng/10.1/                                                      r284985
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------

To see which files were modified by a particular revision, run the
following command, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number, on a
machine with Subversion installed:

# svn diff -cNNNNNN --summarize svn://svn.freebsd.org/base

Or visit the following URL, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number:


VII. References

The latest revision of this Errata Notice is available at
Version: GnuPG v2.1.5 (FreeBSD)


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