FreeBSD Security Advisory: FreeBSD-SA-00:04.delegate
FreeBSD Security Officer
security-officer at freebsd.org
Sat Feb 19 22:45:56 PST 2000
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FreeBSD-SA-00:04 Security Advisory
Topic: Delegate port contains numerous buffer overflows
Affects: Ports collection before the correction date.
FreeBSD only: NO
An optional third-party port distributed with FreeBSD contains numerous
remotely-exploitable buffer overflows which allow an attacker to execute
arbitrary commands on the local system, typically as the 'nobody' user.
II. Problem Description
Delegate is a versatile application-level proxy. Unfortunately it is
written in a very insecure style, with potentially dozens of different
exploitable buffer overflows (including several demonstrated ones), each of
which could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code on the delegate
server. This code will run as the user ID of the 'delegated' process,
typically 'nobody' in the recommended configuration, but this still
represents a security risk as the attacker may be able to mount a local
attack to further upgrade his or her access privileges.
Note that the delegate utility is not installed by default, nor is it "part
of FreeBSD" as such: it is part of the FreeBSD ports collection, which
contains over 3100 third-party applications in a ready-to-install format.
FreeBSD makes no claim about the security of these third-party
applications, although an effort is underway to provide a security audit of
the most security-critical ports.
If you have not chosen to install the delegate port/package, then your
system is not vulnerable. If you have, then local or remote users who can
connect to the delegate port(s), or malicious servers which a user accesses
using the delegate proxy, can potentially execute arbitrary code on your
system in any number of ways.
Remove the delegate port/package, if you have installed it.
Unfortunately no simple fix is available - the problems with the delegate
software are too endemic to be fixed by a simple patch. It is hoped the
software authors will take security to heart and correct the security
problems in a future version, although user caution is advised given the
current state of the code.
Depending on your local setup and your security threat model, using a
firewall/packet filter such as ipfw(8) or ipf(8) to prevent remote users
from connecting to the delegate port(s) may be enough to meet your security
needs. Note that this will not prevent legitimate proxy users from
attacking the delegate server, although this may not be an issue if they
have a shell account on the machine anyway.
Note also that this does not prevent "passive" exploits in which a user is
convinced through other means into visiting a malicious server using the
proxy, which may be able to compromise it by sending back invalid
data. Several flaws of this type have been discovered during a brief
survey of the code.
If you are running FreeBSD 4.0, a possible solution might be to confine the
delegate process inside a "jail" (see the jail(8) manpage). A properly
configured jail will isolate the contents in their own separate "virtual
machine", which can be suitably secured so that an attacker who gains
control of a process running inside the jail cannot escape and gain access
to the rest of the machine. Note that this is different from a traditional
chroot(8), since it does not just attempt to isolate processes inside
portions of the filesystem. This solution is not possible under standard
FreeBSD 3.x or earlier.
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