cvs commit: src/sys/sparc64/include in_cksum.h

Christoph Mallon christoph.mallon at
Sat Jun 28 13:35:36 UTC 2008

Marius Strobl wrote:
> On Sat, Jun 28, 2008 at 12:56:08AM +0200, Christoph Mallon wrote:
>> Marius Strobl wrote:
>>> marius      2008-06-27 22:17:14 UTC
>>>  FreeBSD src repository
>>>  Modified files:
>>>    sys/sparc64/include  in_cksum.h 
>>>  Log:
>>>  SVN rev 180073 on 2008-06-27 22:17:14Z by marius
>>>  Improve r180011 by explicitly adding the condition codes to the
>>>  clobber list.
>> You should remove the volatile specifier. For example volatile prevents 
>> common subexpression elimination and other types of optimisations.
> I had to adjust the constraint strings in this source file
> twice now in order to keep GCC from generating broken code,
> thus I prefer to be conservative by using a slightly bigger
> hammer and leave the "__volatile" in in order to keep these
> kind of problems from coming back to haunt us over and over
> again. Especially when it comes to something as vaguely
> ("important side-effects", "access memory in an unpredictable
> fashion", etc) documented as the GCC assembler constraints
> and thus hard to get right without studying the GCC source
> and maybe requiring "__volatile" in the future anyway.

volatile is for stuff, which cannot be expressed as data dependencies in 
the constraints, like writing to a machine status register of the CPU, 
accessing memory mapped hardware registers, which triggers something, 
stuff like that. The code in question only does some adds and shifts on 
registers, which is harmless and covered by the data dependecies of the 
input/output/clobber constraints. volatile is simply the wrong hammer.


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