cvs commit: src/sys/vm vm_page.c
alc at FreeBSD.org
Fri Jun 6 18:38:56 UTC 2008
alc 2008-06-06 18:38:43 UTC
FreeBSD src repository
SVN rev 179623 on 2008-06-06 18:38:43Z by alc
Essentially, neither madvise(..., MADV_DONTNEED) nor madvise(..., MADV_FREE)
work. (Moreover, I don't believe that they have ever worked as intended.)
The explanation is fairly simple. Both MADV_DONTNEED and MADV_FREE perform
vm_page_dontneed() on each page within the range given to madvise(). This
function moves the page to the inactive queue. Specifically, if the page is
clean, it is moved to the head of the inactive queue where it is first in
line for processing by the page daemon. On the other hand, if it is dirty,
it is placed at the tail. Let's further examine the case in which the page
is clean. Recall that the page is at the head of the line for processing by
the page daemon. The expectation of vm_page_dontneed()'s author was that
the page would be transferred from the inactive queue to the cache queue by
the page daemon. (Once the page is in the cache queue, it is, in effect,
free, that is, it can be reallocated to a new vm object by vm_page_alloc()
if it isn't reactivated quickly enough by a user of the old vm object.) The
trouble is that nowhere in the execution of either MADV_DONTNEED or
MADV_FREE is either the machine-independent reference flag (PG_REFERENCED)
or the reference bit in any page table entry (PTE) mapping the page cleared.
Consequently, the immediate reaction of the page daemon is to reactivate the
page because it is referenced. In effect, the madvise() was for naught.
The case in which the page was dirty is not too different. Instead of being
laundered, the page is reactivated.
Note: The essential difference between MADV_DONTNEED and MADV_FREE is
that MADV_FREE clears a page's dirty field. So, MADV_FREE is always
executing the clean case above.
This revision changes vm_page_dontneed() to clear both the machine-
independent reference flag (PG_REFERENCED) and the reference bit in all PTEs
mapping the page.
MFC after: 6 weeks
Revision Changes Path
1.371 +7 -0 src/sys/vm/vm_page.c
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