cvs commit: src/lib/msun/src k_rem_pio2f.c
Bruce Evans
bde at FreeBSD.org
Tue Oct 11 00:56:06 PDT 2005
bde 2005-10-11 07:56:05 UTC
FreeBSD src repository
Modified files:
lib/msun/src k_rem_pio2f.c
Log:
Fixed range reduction for large multiples of pi/2 on systems with
broken assignment to floats (e.g., i386 with gcc -O, but not amd64 or
ia64; i386 with gcc -O0 worked accidentally).
Use an unnamed volatile temporary variable to trick gcc -O into clipping
extra precision on assignment. It's surprising that only 1 place needed
to be changed.
For tanf() on i386 with gcc -O, the bug caused errors > 1 ulp with a
density of 2.3% for args larger in magnitude than 128*pi/2, with a
maximum error of 1.624 ulps.
After this fix, exhaustive testing shows that range reduction for
floats works as intended assuming that it is in within a factor of
about 2^16 of working as intended for doubles. It provides >= 8
extra bits of precision for all ranges. On i386:
range max error in double/single ulps extra precision
----- ------------------------------- ---------------
0 to 3*pi/4 0x000d3132 / 0.0016 9+ bits
3*pi/4 to 128*pi/2 0x00160445 / 0.0027 8+
128*pi/2 to +Inf 0x00000030 / 0.00000009 23+
128*pi/2 up, -O0 before fix 0x00000030 / 0.00000009 23+
128*pi/2 up, -O1 before fix 0x10000000 / 0.5 1
The 23+ bits of extra precision for large multiples corresponds to almost
perfect reduction to a pair of floats (24 extra would be perfect).
After this fix, the maximum relative error (relative to the corresponding
fdlibm double precision function) is < 1 ulp for all basic trig functions
on all 2^32 float args on all machines tested:
amd64 ia64 i386-O0 i386-O1
------ ------ ------ ------
cosf: 0.8681 0.8681 0.7927 0.5650
sinf: 0.8733 0.8610 0.7849 0.5651
tanf: 0.9708 0.9329 0.9329 0.7035
Revision Changes Path
1.8 +1 -0 src/lib/msun/src/k_rem_pio2f.c
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